Relativistic nucleus–nucleus collisions: from the BEVALAC to RHIC

  title={Relativistic nucleus–nucleus collisions: from the BEVALAC to RHIC},
  author={R. Stock},
  journal={Journal of Physics G},
  • R. Stock
  • Published 12 May 2004
  • Physics
  • Journal of Physics G
I briefly describe the initial goals of relativistic nuclear collision research, focusing on the LBL Bevatron/Bevalac facility in the 1970s. An early concept of high hadronic density fireball formation, and subsequent isentropic decay (preserving information of the high-density stage), led to an outline of physics observables that could determine the nuclear matter equation of state at several times the nuclear ground state matter density. With the advent of QCD the goal of locating and… 

Studying the impact of the nucleon size in relativistic heavy-ion collisions

Under the extreme conditions of temperature generated in relativistic heavy-ion collisions, a fascinating fluid-like state of matter where quarks and gluons are no longer confined is formed, the

Azimuthal anisotropy and formation of an extreme state of strongly interacting matter at the relativistic heavy-ion collider (RHIC)

Experimental results obtained by studying the azimuthal anisotropy of final states in nucleus-nucleus interactions at the energies of the relativistic heavy-ion collider (RHIC) are systematized. The

Particle Production in Ultrarelativistic Heavy-Ion Collisions: A Statistical-Thermal Model Review

The current status of various thermal and statistical descriptions of particle production in the ultrarelativistic heavy-ion collisions experiments is presented in detail. We discuss the formulation

Effects of bulk viscosity in relativistic heavy ion collisions

Hirvonen, Henry Master’s thesis Department of Physics, University of Jyväskylä, 2019, 118 pages. In relativistic heavy ion collisions substance called quark-gluon plasma (QGP) is created. The Quark

Relativistic fluid dynamics in heavy ion collisions

This dissertation is about the study of three important issues in the theory of relativistic fluid dynamics: the stability of dissipative fluid dynamics, the shear viscosity, and fluid dynamics with

Collective Flow of QCD Matter: a Historical Introduction

We present a historical review of the physics observables developed for relativistic nuclear collisions, that describe collective hydrodynamic flow of hadronic or partonic matter, and of the

Strongly correlated quantum fluids: ultracold quantum gases, quantum chromodynamic plasmas and holographic duality

Strongly correlated quantum fluids are phases of matter that are intrinsically quantum mechanical and that do not have a simple description in terms of weakly interacting quasiparticles. Two systems

Rigorous relativistic equation for quark–antiquark bound states at finite temperature derived from thermal QCD formulated in the coherent-state representation

A rigorous three-dimensional relativistic equation for quark–antiquark bound states at finite temperature is derived from the thermal QCD generating functional which is formulated in the

Multiparticle Production in High Energy Collisions

1 Institute of Theoretical Physics, Shanxi University, Taiyuan, Shanxi 030006, China 2Department of Chemistry, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794-3400, USA 3 Physics Department, Faculty of

Fluctuations with small numbers: Developing the perturbative paradigm for jet physics in the QGP at RHIC and LHC

Fluctuations with small numbers: Developing the perturbative paradigm for jet physics in the QGP at RHIC and LHC



Microscopic theory of pion production and sidewards flow in heavy-ion collisions.

A microscopic theory is presented which explains for the first time simultaneously both the observed collective flow and the pion multiplicity and gives their dependence on the nuclear equation of state.

Chemical equilibrium study in nucleus-nucleus collisions at relativistic energies

We present a detailed study of chemical freeze-out in nucleus-nucleus collisions at beam energies of $11.6A$, $30A$, $40A$, $80A$, and $158A\phantom{\rule{0.3em}{0ex}}\text{GeV}$. By analyzing

Hadronic expansion dynamics in central Pb+Pb collisions at 158 GeV per nucleon

Abstract. Two-particle correlation functions of negative hadrons over wide phase space, and transverse mass spectra of negative hadrons and deuterons near mid-rapidity have been measured in central

Relativistic nuclear fluid dynamics

By use of finite-difference methods we solve in three spatial dimensions the classical relativistic equations of motion for the collision of two heavy nuclei. These equations express the conservation


Recently reported transverse momentum distributions of strange hadrons produced in Pb(158A GeV ) on Pb collisions and corresponding results from the relativistic quantum molecular dynamics approach

Heavy ion collisions and lattice QCD at finite baryon density

We discuss a relation between the QCD thermodynamics obtained from a statistical analysis of particle production in heavy ion collisions at SPS and RHIC energies and recent LGT results at finite