Relativistic analysis of the dielectric Einstein box: Abraham, Minkowski and total energy-momentum tensors

  title={Relativistic analysis of the dielectric Einstein box: Abraham, Minkowski and total energy-momentum tensors},
  author={Tom{\'a}s Ramos and Guillermo F. Rubilar and Yuri N. Obukhov},
  journal={Physics Letters A},
First principles approach to the Abraham–Minkowski controversy for the momentum of light in general linear non-dispersive media
We study the problem of the definition of the energy–momentum tensor of light in general moving non-dispersive media with linear constitutive law. Using the basic principles of classical field
Can the Abraham Light Momentum and Energy in a Medium Constitute a Lorentz Four-Vector?
By analyzing the Einstein-box thought experiment with the principle of relativity, it is shown that Abraham’s light momentum and energy in a medium cannot constitute a Lorentz four-vector, and they
Symmetric energy-momentum tensor: The Abraham form and the explicitly covariant formula
We compare the known in literature, explicitly covariant 4-dimensional formula for the symmetric energy-momentum tensor of electromagnetic field in a medium and the energy-momentum tensor derived by
The Role of Conservation Principles in the Abraham--Minkowski Controversy
The Abraham--Minkowski controversy refers to a long-standing inability to adequately address certain issues involving the conservation of the momentum of an electromagnetic field in a linear
Is Einstein’s Special Relativity Wrong?
The paper investigates physical parameters and the path of the movement of the particles in the spacetime and shows that special relativity is incomplete. The special relativity does not explain the
Axiomatic geometrical optics, Abraham-Minkowski controversy, and photon properties derived classically
By restating geometrical optics within the eld-theoretical approach, the classical concept of a photon in arbitrary dispersive medium is introduced, and photon properties are calculated
Electromagnetic angular momentum in quasi-static conditions
The correct definition of electromagnetic momentum in matter, either Abraham’s gA = (1/4πc) (E × H), or Minkowski’s gM = (1/4πc) (D × B) has been a theme of controversy for a century. Therefore, we
Alternative formulation of the macroscopic field equations in a linear magneto-dielectric medium: Lagrangian field theory and spacetime setting
We use Lagrangian field theory to derive an alternative formulation of the field equations for macroscopic electromagnetic fields in a linear magneto-dielectric medium. The unique feature of the
Plane wave in a moving medium and resolution of the Abraham-Minkowski debate by the special principle of relativity
In this paper, a novel approach for resolution of the Abraham-Minkowski debate is proposed, in which the principle of relativity is used to uniquely determine the light momentum formulation for a


Momentum of Light in a Dielectric Medium
We review different expressions that have been proposed for the stress tensor and for the linear momentum of light in dielectric media, focusing on the Abraham and Minkowski forms. Analyses of
Radiation pressure and the photon momentum in dielectrics
We review the magnitudes of the photon momenta in free space, derived by Maxwell and Einstein, and those in homogeneous, dispersionless and lossless dielectrics, associated with Abraham and
Electromagnetic energy and momentum in moving media
The problem of the electromagnetic energy‐momentum tensor is among the oldest and the most controversial in macroscopic electrodynamics. In the center of the issue is a dispute about the Minkowski
Colloquium: Momentum of an electromagnetic wave in dielectric media
Almost a hundred years ago, two different expressions were proposed for the energy-momentum tensor of an electromagnetic wave in a dielectric. Minkowski's tensor predicted an increase in the linear
On diffraction within a dielectric medium as an example of the Minkowski formulation of optical momentum.
This paper reviews a modified version of the Einstein box argument that supports an Abraham formulation, then considers diffraction within a dielectric medium and shows it supports a simple Minkowski formulation, i.e. that the optical momentum should be multiplied by the refractive index.
On the covariant equations of the relativistic electrodynamics of continua. I. General equations
The aim of this series of papers is to develop both the field and constitutive equations for general relativistic electromagnetic continua. In this paper, the formulation starts from first principles
Momentum Exchange between Light and a Single Atom: Abraham or Minkowski?
It is shown that the dispersive forces repel the atom from the light in this particular case, giving the photons a momentum p_{0}/n, which leads to Abraham's optical momentum with the kinetic momentum transfer.