Relative motions of hotspots in the Pacific, Atlantic and Indian Oceans since late Cretaceous time

@article{Molnar1987RelativeMO,
  title={Relative motions of hotspots in the Pacific, Atlantic and Indian Oceans since late Cretaceous time},
  author={Peter H. Molnar and Joann M. Stock},
  journal={Nature},
  year={1987},
  volume={327},
  pages={587-591}
}
Combinations of global plate reconstructions reveal average velocities for the last 50 to 65 million years of 10 to 20 mm yr−1 between the Hawaiian hotspot and those beneath Iceland, Tristan da Cunha, Réunion, St. Paul's Island, and Kerguelen. Therefore hotspots do not define a fixed reference frame. Uncertainties in these reconstructions are less than the errors incurred by assuming fixed hotspots and less than the differences among various proposed frames of reference of fixed hotspots1–3. 
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The Emperor Seamounts: Southward Motion of the Hawaiian Hotspot Plume in Earth's Mantle
TLDR
P paleomagnetic and radiometric age data from samples recovered by ocean drilling define an age-progressive paleolatitude history, indicating that the Emperor Seamount trend was principally formed by the rapid motion of the Hawaiian hotspot plume during Late Cretaceous to early-Tertiary times.
Late Cretaceous-Paleogene transform zone between the Eurasian and North American lithospheric plates
Within the limits of the Chukchi Sea and the Amerasian Basin of the Arctic Ocean, study have been carried out to calculate D function anomalies. The result was the discovery of elongated faults that
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