Relative afferent pupillary defect with normal vision and vertical strabismus—implications for pupillary pathway anatomy


A relative afferent pupillary defect (RAPD) is usually a sign of visual dysfunction. Here, an unusual case of an RAPD combined with vertical strabismus but normal vision is described. Implications for pupillary pathway anatomy are discussed. A 12-year-old girl with chronic headache was shown to have a midbrain tumour. She presented to us with intermittent… (More)
DOI: 10.1007/s00417-005-0235-9

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