Relationships between alveolar size and fibre distribution in a mammalian lung alveolar duct model.

A finite element model, comprising an assemblage of tetrakaidecahedra or truncated octahedra, is used to represent an alveolar duct unit. The dimensions of the elastin and collagen fibre bundles, and the surface tension properties of the air-liquid interfaces, are based on available published data. Changes to the computed static pressure-volume behavior… (More)