Relationships between LH and estradiol-17 beta after removal of luteal progesterone in the ewe.


Three experiments were conducted to examine the relationship between systemic concentrations of luteinizing hormone (LH) and estradiol-17 beta (E2) after withdrawal of progesterone in cycling ewes. In Exp. 1, ewes were assigned randomly to one of three treatments: laparotomy (C), removal of the luteal ovary (ULO), or ULO plus anesthesia with sodium pentobarbital for 6 h beginning 4 h after surgery. Anesthesia was used in an attempt to block the expected increase in tonic secretion of LH. Patterns of LH and E2 in these three groups did not differ during the 24-h experimental period. In Exp. 2, a longer period of anesthesia was utilized. Forty-eight ewes were assigned at random to one of four treatments: C, ULO, lutectomy or an intrafollicular injection of prostaglandin F2 alpha (PGF2 alpha). One-half of the ewes in each group were anesthetized with sodium pentobarbital from initiation of treatment (0 h) until 10 h after surgery. Sodium pentobarbital did not suppress the increases in LH and E2 after progesterone withdrawal. The regression of concentrations of E2 on concentration of LH was not significant. In Exp. 3, ewes were infused with either saline or dopamine after receiving an im injection of PGF2 alpha. Tonic secretion of LH increased after 4 h in ewes infused with saline, but not in ewes infused with dopamine. Despite the suppression of LH, concentrations of E2 increased in dopamine-treated ewes as in control ewes. Therefore, the initial increase in E2 after a decline of progesterone in cycling ewes is independent of increases in LH.

Cite this paper

@article{Gust1984RelationshipsBL, title={Relationships between LH and estradiol-17 beta after removal of luteal progesterone in the ewe.}, author={C M Gust and Daniel R. Deaver and Robert A Dailey and Emmett Keith Inskeep}, journal={Journal of animal science}, year={1984}, volume={58 2}, pages={396-400} }