Relationships between Flow, Self-Concept, Psychological Skills, and Performance

  title={Relationships between Flow, Self-Concept, Psychological Skills, and Performance},
  author={Susan A. Jackson and Patrick R. Thomas and Herbert W. Marsh and Christopher John Smethurst},
  journal={Journal of Applied Sport Psychology},
  pages={129 - 153}
The main purpose of this study was to examine psychological factors of potential relevance to athletic flow experiences. A secondary purpose was to empirically examine the relationship between flow and optimal performance. Understanding factors that may be associated with flow will help to make this optimal mental state more accessible to researchers and practitioners. Self-concept and use of psychological skills were predicted to be related to self-reported flow states. Competitive athletes… 
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Toward a conceptual understanding of the flow experience in elite athletes.
  • S. Jackson
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Research quarterly for exercise and sport
  • 1996
An in-depth investigation into flow state was conducted in order to understand how this optimal state is experienced by elite athletes, and correspondence was found between the dimensions of flow, as described by Csikszentmihalyi (1990), and the athletes' descriptions of their experience of flow.
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Three studies investigated three potential psychological antecedents of flow in sport-goals, competence, and confidence. These studies examined tennis players competing in a weekend tournament,
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Flow experience in sport: Construct validation of multidimensional, hierarchical state and trait responses
Three hundred eighty-five athletes from the 1994 World Masters Games completed the 9-factor Flow State Scale (Jackson & Marsh, 1996), anew trait version of the instrument, and external validity
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