Relationships among Smoking Habits, Airflow Limitations, and Metabolic Abnormalities in School Workers

@inproceedings{Horie2013RelationshipsAS,
  title={Relationships among Smoking Habits, Airflow Limitations, and Metabolic Abnormalities in School Workers},
  author={Masafumi Horie and Satoshi M Noguchi and Wakae Tanaka and Yasushi Goto and Hisanao Yoshihara and Masaki Kawakami and Masaru Suzuki and Yoshikazu Sakamoto},
  booktitle={PloS one},
  year={2013}
}
BACKGROUND Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is caused mainly by habitual smoking and is common among elderly individuals. It involves not only airflow limitation but also metabolic disorders, leading to increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. OBJECTIVE We evaluated relationships among smoking habits, airflow limitation, and metabolic abnormalities. METHODS Between 2001 and 2008, 15,324 school workers (9700 males, 5624 females; age: ≥ 30 years) underwent medical checkups… CONTINUE READING

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