Relationship of prenatal cocaine exposure and maternal postpartum psychological distress to child developmental outcome.

@article{Singer1997RelationshipOP,
  title={Relationship of prenatal cocaine exposure and maternal postpartum psychological distress to child developmental outcome.},
  author={Lynn Twarog Singer and Rainer M. Arendt and Kathleen J. Farkas and Sonia Minnes and Judy Y Huang and Toshio Yamashita},
  journal={Development and psychopathology},
  year={1997},
  volume={9 3},
  pages={
          473-89
        }
}
Maternal cocaine use during pregnancy can affect the infant directly through toxic effects or indirectly through cocaine's influence on maternal psychological status. We followed 160 cocaine exposed and 56 nonexposed infants and their mothers identified at birth through interview and/or urine screen. Although cocaine exposure defined the groups, infant exposure to alcohol, marijuana, and tobacco was allowed to vary. Infants were 99% African American and poor. All mothers completed the Brief… CONTINUE READING

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