Relationship of Dynamic Seat Ratings to Real-World Neck Injury Rates

  title={Relationship of Dynamic Seat Ratings to Real-World Neck Injury Rates},
  author={Charles M. Farmer and David S. Zuby and Joann K. Wells and Laurie A. Hellinga},
  journal={Traffic Injury Prevention},
  pages={561 - 567}
Objectives: The Insurance Institute for Highway Safety assigns consumer safety ratings to passenger vehicle seats based on laboratory sled tests that simulate rear-end collisions. The purpose of this research was to determine how well these ratings correlate to driver neck injury risk in real-world crashes. Methods: Insurance claims for cars and SUVs struck in the rear by the front of another passenger vehicle were examined for evidence of driver neck injury. Logistic regression was used to… 
Comparison of BioRID Injury Criteria Between Dynamic Sled Tests and Vehicle Crash Tests
It is suggested that changing the RCAR/IIWPG protocol to include vehicle specific crash pulses and/or changing the restraint setup would not improve the relationship between seat/head restraint ratings and neck injury claim rates.
Preventing Minor Neck Injuries in Rear Crashes—Forty Years of Progress
  • D. ZubyA. Lund
  • Medicine
    Journal of occupational and environmental medicine
  • 2010
Vehicle designs and, in particular, the designs of seats and head restraints have changed considerably over the last 40 years, with varying degrees, these changes seem to be reducing the likelihood that occupants in rear struck vehicles will suffer neck injuries in such crashes.
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Overall, ABTS seats applied more load on the head and spine, had less control of neck kinematics, and had higher risks for whiplash and more severe injury than conventional seats in the same vehicle model.
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Influence of Vehicle Properties and Human Attributes on Neck Injuries in Rear-End Collisions
The results revealed that an active head restraint system, which is one type of anti-whiplash device, is effective in suppressing the occurrence of neck injuries; that females tend to be injured more often than males; that age and generation influence the tendency for men to be injury; and that the trip purpose influences the tendency to occur neck injuries.
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