Relationship between the humidity and temperature of inspired gas and the function of the airway mucosa.

@article{Williams1996RelationshipBT,
  title={Relationship between the humidity and temperature of inspired gas and the function of the airway mucosa.},
  author={R B Williams and Nigel Rankin and T Smith and D Galler and Paul John Seakins},
  journal={Critical care medicine},
  year={1996},
  volume={24 11},
  pages={
          1920-9
        }
}
OBJECTIVE To review the available literature on the relationship between the humidity and temperature of inspired gas and airway mucosal function. [] Key MethodDATA SOURCES International computerized databases and published indices, experts in the field, conference proceedings, bibliographies. STUDY SELECTION/DATA EXTRACTION Two hundred articles/texts on respiratory tract physiology and humidification were reviewed.

Humidification During Invasive Mechanical Ventilation: Hygrometric Performances and Cost of Humidification Systems

In some clinical situations, such as patients ventilated with ARDS or severe asthma, other criteria than the level of humidification should be considered, in particular to take into account the mechanical characteristics of the different humidification systems (especially the dead space).

Influence of temperature and humidity of ambient air on sensation of dryness during respiration

  • S. Takada
  • Engineering
    Journal of the Human-Environment System
  • 2020
To create an optimal indoor thermal environment, it is necessary to identify the environmental conditions that cause a sensation of dryness. Dryness is experienced in various parts of the human body

Oxygen, temperature and humidity of inspired gases and their influences on airway and lung tissue in near-term lambs

In near-term neonatal lambs ventilated for 3 h, hyperoxia was associated with a more powerful stimulus for pulmonary dysfunction and upregulation of inflammatory cytokines than cold dry gas.

Energy balance in the intubated human airway is an indicator of optimal gas conditioning

Inspired gas at body temperature and saturated is thermodynamically neutral to the intubated airway, and thus may be considered the optimal condition for ventilation lasting more than a few hours.

Humidification in Intensive Care Medicine: General Approach to Selected Humidification Devices and Complications of Mechanical Ventilation

A model suggesting above or below optimal temperature, and humidity conditions can lead to impaired airway mucosal dysfunction, or, vice versa, that adequate mucociliary function is an indicator of ideal humidification is developed.

Influence of ambient and ventilator output temperatures on performance of heated-wire humidifiers.

An increase in inlet chamber temperature induced by high ambient temperature markedly reduces the performance of heated-wire humidifiers, leading to a risk of endotracheal tube occlusion, and such systems should be avoided in these conditions unless automatic compensation algorithms are used.

Effect of a heated humidifier during continuous positive airway pressure delivered by a helmet

The fresh gas flowing through the helmet with continuous flow CPAP systems limited the possibility to increase the humidity, and it is suggested that a heated humidifier should be employed withContinuous flowCPAP systems.

Efficacy of a heated passover humidifier during noninvasive ventilation: a bench study.

NPPV delivers air with a low relative humidity, especially with high inspiratory pressure, and addition of a heated humidifier increases the relative and absolute humidity to levels acceptable for nonintubated patients, with minimal effect on delivered pressure.

Mucociliary function deteriorates in the clinical range of inspired air temperature and humidity

Delivery of inspired gas at 30 °C, or even 34 °Cs, with 100% RH may not be sufficient to prevent epithelial damage occurring during 6 h exposure, and reduced air temperature led to a decrease in both CBF and MTV and, frequently, total mucociliary failure.

Comparison of the temperature and humidity in the anesthetic breathing circuit among different anesthetic workstations

There were statistical differences in the provision of humidity among different anesthesia workstations and the Cato and Primus workst stations were superior to Excel and Avance, however, even these were unsatisfactory in humans.
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Abstract It has been demonstrated in an experimental study in swine using the scanning electron microscope that a rebreathing technique utilising minimal fresh gas flowrates significantly improves
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