Relationship between steroid hormone contraceptives and HPV, cervical intraepithelial neoplasia and cervical carcinoma.

@article{Villiers2003RelationshipBS,
  title={Relationship between steroid hormone contraceptives and HPV, cervical intraepithelial neoplasia and cervical carcinoma.},
  author={Ethel-Michele de Villiers},
  journal={International journal of cancer},
  year={2003},
  volume={103 6},
  pages={705-8}
}
Available data demonstrate an increase in the transcription of high-risk papillomaviruses by the 16alpha-hydroxylation of estrogens, which is in line with the epidemiologic data showing an increased cervical carcinogenesis risk for long-term contraceptive-using, HPV-infected women. No evidence exists for an increase in HPV-negative contraceptive users. 

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