Relationship between self-focused attention, mindfulness and distress in individuals with auditory verbal hallucinations.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships among self-focused attention, mindfulness and distress caused by the voices in psychiatric patients. METHODS Fifty-one individuals with a psychiatric diagnosis participated in this study. The Psychotic Symptom Rating Scale (PSYRATS) emotional factor was applied to measure the distress caused by the voices, the Self-Absorption Scale (SAS) was given for measuring the levels of self-focused attention, and the Mindful Attention Awareness Scale (MAAS) was used to measure mindfulness. RESULTS The results showed that distress caused by the voices correlated positively with self-focused attention (private and public) and negatively with mindfulness. A negative correlation was also found between mindfulness and self-focused attention (private and public). Finally, multiple linear regression analysis showed that public self-focus was the only factor predicting distress caused by the voices. CONCLUSIONS Intervention directed at diminishing public self-focused attention and increasing mindfulness could improve distress caused by the voices.

DOI: 10.1080/13546805.2015.1089225

Cite this paper

@article{bedaGmez2015RelationshipBS, title={Relationship between self-focused attention, mindfulness and distress in individuals with auditory verbal hallucinations.}, author={Juan {\'U}beda-G{\'o}mez and Mar{\'i}a de Gracia Le{\'o}n-Palacios and Silvia Escudero-P{\'e}rez and Mar{\'i}a Dolores Barros-Albarr{\'a}n and Ana Mar{\'i}a L{\'o}pez-Jim{\'e}nez and Salvador Perona-Garcel{\'a}n}, journal={Cognitive neuropsychiatry}, year={2015}, volume={20 6}, pages={482-8} }