The effect of cAMP (which involved a 23 kDa protein phosphorylation) has been studied on the Ca2+ uptake and Ca2+ release from a human platelet membrane vesicle fraction. It was tested in the presence of the catalytic subunit of the cAMP-dependent protein kinase (C Sub). The addition of C Sub increased the steady state level of the Ca2+ uptake into the membrane vesicles. The effect was enhanced when tested in the absence of Ca2+ precipitating agent. The response was proportional to the dose of C Sub. Moreover, the effect varied with the Ca2+ concentration. The effect of C Sub has been tested on the inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3)-induced Ca2+ release. A phosphorylated state of the 23 kDa protein appeared to be necessary. Indeed, a phosphorylation inhibition prevented the IP3 effect and the addition of C Sub increased the percentage of released Ca2+ (without modification of the time course). However, the C Sub dose-dependent response was not linear. The effect of cAMP on the two functions (Ca2+ uptake and Ca2+ release) appears to be different. Therefore, these results led us to suggest a more complex role of cAMP in the regulation of platelet Ca2+ concentration.