Relationship Between Epilepsy and Tropical Diseases

  title={Relationship Between Epilepsy and Tropical Diseases},
  • Published 1 January 1994
  • Epilepsia
The geographical tropics contain approximately three quarters of the world’s population, living in a diverse social, economic, and cultural environment, with many common climatic and biologic characteristics. The International League Against Epilepsy has established separate Commissions on Developing Countries, on Tropical Diseases, and on Epidemiology and Prognosis, seeking solutions to the problems of the developing world in numerous ways. The mandate of the Commission on Tropical Diseases is… Expand
Épidémiologie de l’épilepsie en Afrique subsaharienne : une revue de la littérature
Infectious diseases, in particular parasitic diseases such as neurocysticercosis or cerebral malaria, seem to be the cause of the majority of the cases of epilepsy in sub-Saharan Africa. Expand
Epidemiology, aetiology, and clinical management of epilepsy in Asia: a systematic review
An understanding of the psychosocial, cultural, economic, organisational, and political factors influencing epilepsy causation, management, and outcome should be of high priority for future investigations. Expand
The yelandur study: a community-based approach to epilepsy in rural south India—epidemiological aspects
These data do not support the concept that the prevalence of epilepsy in developing countries is twice that in the developed world, however, the role of local/regional variations should be borne in mind before extrapolating the figures to an entire country. Expand
Cerebral malaria and epilepsy
Recent African studies that examine the association between cerebral malaria and epilepsy suggest a modestly strong association, and there appears little doubt that this association is causal. Expand
Demographic patterns from an epilepsy clinic in Sri Lanka
Introduction: Over half of the 50 million people with epilepsy worldwide are estimated to live in Asia. Although much research is done in Asia, information about the recognition of the burden createdExpand
Neurocysticercosis: a major cause of neurological disease worldwide.
  • A. White
  • Medicine
  • Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
  • 1997
The increased ease of international travel, the increasing numbers of immigrants from developing countries, and the widespread use of improved diagnostic techniques have led to widespread recognition of neurocysticercosis as a common infection not only in developing countries but also in the United States. Expand
Classification of the Epilepsies: Time for a Change?
This review examines the evolution, advantages, and notable disadvantages of the ICEES and assesses its previous application in several population-based studies of epilepsy and discusses the important need for a new, simplified, and aetiologically orientated classification which is amenable to use outside of the tertiary epilepsy centre. Expand
Neurocysticercosis: Association between seizures, serology, and brain CT in rural Peru
In this hyperendemic area of the northern Peruvian coast, an important proportion of seizure cases are associated with neurocysticercosis as demonstrated by serology or brain CT. Expand
Epilepsy in the Tropics: II. Clinical Presentations, Pathophysiology, Immunologic Diagnosis, Economics, and Therapy
The presence of other symptoms of brain involvement or the sudden onset of very frequent seizures may indicate an acute symptomatic disorder, whereas epilepsy per se or seizures occurring with a long-standing neurologic deficit is more suggestive of a remote symptomatic nature. Expand
Epilepsy, cysticercosis, and toxocariasis: A population-based case-control study in rural Bolivia
This finding suggests that both neurocysticercosis and toxocariasis may in part explain the higher prevalence of epilepsy, particularly partial epilepsy, in developing countries. Expand


Neurocysticercosis: a new classification based on active and inactive forms. A study of 753 cases.
A classification is presented that separates active from nonactive forms of NCC and is based on the experience with 735 patients studied, and characteristics of each form, frequency of principal signs and symptoms, and findings in cerebrospinal fluid analysis are discussed. Expand
Proposal for Revised Classification of Epilepsies and Epileptic Syndromes
Results of a clinico-encephalographic study using proposal for classification of epilepsies and epileptic syndromes (1989 ILAE) showed that in 17 cases seizures could not be controlled in 6 of them, and an agreement is necessary for these problems. Expand
Cerebrospinal fluid immunoglobulins in cysticercosis of the central nervous system.
Investigation on the behavior of immunoglobulins IGG, IGA and IGM in the CSF, in cases of cysticercosis of the CNS, based on data pertaining to two different series of cases demonstrated that IGG is the one representing the largest contingent. Expand
Epilepsy in developing countries: Latin American aspects
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