Relations of serum phosphorus and calcium levels to the incidence of cardiovascular disease in the community.


BACKGROUND Higher levels of serum phosphorus and the calcium-phosphorus product are associated with increased mortality from cardiovascular disease (CVD) in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) or prior CVD. However, it is unknown if serum phosphorus levels influence vascular risk in individuals without CKD or CVD. METHODS We prospectively evaluated… (More)


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