Positive association of the hepatic lipase gene polymorphism c.514C > T with estrogen replacement therapy response
Hepatic lipase (HL) is a lipolytic enzyme that catalyzes hydrolysis of triglycerides and phospholipids in all major classes of lipoproteins. Recently, a -514C/T polymorphism in the promoter region of the HL gene was found to be associated with variations in hepatic lipase activity and serum high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) levels. Postmenopausal hormone replacement therapy (HRT) has known favorable effects on serum lipid and lipoprotein levels. In this study, we examined the relation between the -514C/T polymorphism and serum lipid and lipoprotein levels in postmenopausal women prior to and after 3 months of HRT. Significant associations between the -514 C/T polymorphism and HDL-C, low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and apolipoprotein A-I (apo A-I) levels were observed before and/or after 3 months of HRT. With HRT, serum total cholesterol (TC), LDL-C and apolipoprotein B (apo B) levels were reduced significantly (P=0.0001), and HDL-C and apo A-I levels were increased significantly (P=0.0001). However, the degrees of change in lipid and lipoprotein levels due to HRT did not differ significantly between the HL genotypes.