Relation of heart rate control to heartbeat perception

@article{Whitehead1977RelationOH,
  title={Relation of heart rate control to heartbeat perception},
  author={William E. Whitehead and V M Drescher and Patricia Heiman and Barry Blackwell},
  journal={Biofeedback and Self-regulation},
  year={1977},
  volume={2},
  pages={371-392}
}
The relation of heartbeat perception to voluntary control of heart rate (HR) and to learning of enhanced HR control during feedback was studied in three experiments. In Experiment I heartbeat perception was unrelated to voluntary control of HR but was negatively correlated with HR learning. Experiments II and III showed that heartbeat perception was unrelated to either initial voluntary control or learning and suggested that sampling error accounted for the negative correlation in Experiment I… 

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On the relation between cardiodynamics and heartbeat perception.

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Cardiovascular mechanisms of interoceptive awareness: Effects of resonance breathing.

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It is concluded that the intensity dimension of the heartbeat stimulus is not determined by stroke volume, and this potential source of variation in cardiac stimulus magnitude did not influence either the precision of heartbeat detection or the temporal location of heartbeat sensations.

On the validity of heartbeat tracking tasks.

It is concluded that such heartbeat tracking procedures are unsuited to assess cardiac perception, much less to detect any presumed correlate of such perception.
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  • Psychology
    Biofeedback and self-regulation
  • 1976
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