Relation of heart rate control to heartbeat perception

  title={Relation of heart rate control to heartbeat perception},
  author={William E. Whitehead and V M Drescher and Patricia Heiman and Barry Blackwell},
  journal={Biofeedback and Self-regulation},
The relation of heartbeat perception to voluntary control of heart rate (HR) and to learning of enhanced HR control during feedback was studied in three experiments. In Experiment I heartbeat perception was unrelated to voluntary control of HR but was negatively correlated with HR learning. Experiments II and III showed that heartbeat perception was unrelated to either initial voluntary control or learning and suggested that sampling error accounted for the negative correlation in Experiment I… 

Heartbeat perception, instructions, and biofeedback in the control of heart rate.

Information Variables in Voluntary Control and Classical Conditioning of Heart Rate: Field Dependence and Heart-Rate Perception

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The relationship between cardiovascular reactivity and heartbeat detection.

This experiment tested the hypothesis that inotropic cardiovascular reactivity to stress is related to performance on heartbeat discrimination tasks. The experiment also compared the efficacy of a

Enhancement of heartbeat-related brain potentials through cardiac awareness training.

The findings are interpreted as the brain electrical reflection of an increased perception susceptibility to a cardiovascular signal occurring at about 200 ms after the R-wave.

On the relation between cardiodynamics and heartbeat perception.

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Cardiovascular mechanisms of interoceptive awareness: Effects of resonance breathing.

Cardiac stimulus intensity and heartbeat detection: effects of tilt-induced changes in stroke volume.

It is concluded that the intensity dimension of the heartbeat stimulus is not determined by stroke volume, and this potential source of variation in cardiac stimulus magnitude did not influence either the precision of heartbeat detection or the temporal location of heartbeat sensations.

On the validity of heartbeat tracking tasks.

It is concluded that such heartbeat tracking procedures are unsuited to assess cardiac perception, much less to detect any presumed correlate of such perception.



Heart rate perception and heart rate control.

Twenty-one subjects look the Autonomic Perception Questionnaire (APQ) and later were given another test of ability to perceive heart activity and a low correlation between APQ and tracking score seemed to indicate that the two perception tests measured different attributes of the subjects.

Awareness of heart activity and self-control of heart rate.

Low aware and high aware Ss successfully raised and lowered their HRs on command whereas highaware Ss were not able to make significant alterations in theirHRs.

Heart rate as a discriminative stimulus.

Two experiments were performed to evaluate characteristics of heart activity as discriminative stimuli and significant stimulus control exerted by the criterion stimuli was found during both training and testing conditions.

The effects of instructional set and autonomic perception on cardiac control.

Results indicate that Ss can increase or decrease their HR in the absence of externalized feedback, and the group with middle APQ scores displayed more HR control in both directions than Ss with high or lowAPQ scores.

Operant Conditioning of Heart Rate in Patients with Premature Ventricular Contractions

The findings suggest that some aspects of cardiac ventricular function can be brought under voluntary control and once such control has been acquired, it can mediate clinically significant changes in cardiac function.

The voluntary control of heart rate under differential somatic restraint

  • S. Manuck
  • Psychology
    Biofeedback and self-regulation
  • 1976
It is concluded that HR increases produced under paced respiration “favor” an interpretation of unmediated HR acceleration.

Paced respiration and heart rate control.

The results indicated that control of heart rate is not dependent upon respiratory mediation.

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The primary intent of this chapter is to describe a theoretical appreciation of the processes of voluntary cardiovascular activity with special reference to the role of feedback in the development of differentiated control.

Learned Control of Blood Pressure in Patients with High Blood Pressure

Five patients with documented histories of essential hypertension of at least ten years' duration participated in a triphasic study of training to control systolic blood pressure (SBP), finding evidence of retained SBP control.