Relation between the action of dopamine and apomorphine and their O-methylated derivatives upon the CNS

@article{Ernst2004RelationBT,
  title={Relation between the action of dopamine and apomorphine and their O-methylated derivatives upon the CNS},
  author={A. Meister Ernst},
  journal={Psychopharmacologia},
  year={2004},
  volume={7},
  pages={391-399}
}
  • A. M. Ernst
  • Published 21 May 1965
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Psychopharmacologia
SummaryThe syndrome of gnaw-compulsion was studied in rats providing evidence for a structure-effect relationship between the alcaloid apomorphine and the normal metabolite in the brain, dopamine.The following tentative conclusions could be drawn from the available data:1.The phenylethylamine-configuration with an OH-group at the para-position or at both the para- and meta-positions of the phenolring is essential for provoking a gnaw-compulsion syndrome;2.Replacement of the OH-group at the para… 
Mode of action of apomorphine and dexamphetamine on gnawing compulsion in rats
TLDR
The action of apomorphine on gnaw compulsion is, just as that of dopamine, directly on effect receptors, and may act as a substitute for dopamine deficiency in Parkinson's disease.
Catalepsy induced by α-methyl-p-tyrosine and d-amphetamine: The rÔle of catecholamine metabolism
The effect of inhibition of monoamine oxidase (MAO), catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) and Dopa-decarboxylase on the catalepsy induced by d-amphetamine in α-methyl-p-tyrosine (α-MpT) treated rats
Impairment of responses to novelty by apomorphine and its antagonism by neuroleptics in mice
TLDR
The effects of several doses of apomorphine on novelty preference (NP) in male Swiss mice were studied and it was found that AP induced a dose-dependent reduction of NP as well as of locomotor activity.
Effects of tetrahydropapaveroline and salsolinol on cerebral monoamine metabolism and their interactions with psychopharmacological drugs
TLDR
THP was not found to induce any in vivo alterations in monoamineoxidase (MAO) or catechol-O-methyl transferase (COMT) activities in rat brain, and salsolinol was found to cause hypothermia while THP caused hyperthermia in the rat.
Cerebral dopamine, apomorphine and oral activity in the neonatal pig.
TLDR
A lack of effect on catecholamine concentrations in any of the six brain regions examined suggested that the environmental manipulation caused no changes in the development of catechlamine-containing nerve endings.
An analysis of methylphenidate induced gnawing in guinea pigs
TLDR
In the guinea pig, phenylethyl configuration with OH groups at para and meta positions of the phenyl ring does not seem to be an essential criterion for inducing Gnawing as suggested for the rat (Ernst, 1965).
Macromerine, normacromerine and bisnormacromerine: Non-psychoactive methylated derivatives of norepinephrine
TLDR
These compounds are not or less psychoactive than known hallucinogenic substances and remain rather unchanged in the brain during the first hour of the conditioned avoidance response in rats after IP injection.
Metatyrosine-induced reversal of the suppression of the conditioned avoidance response in reserpine-treated rats.
  • J. Engel
  • Medicine, Chemistry
    Acta pharmacologica et toxicologica
  • 1971
TLDR
The results provide further support for the hypothesis that dopamine is important for elementary motor functions whilst additional noradrenaline receptor stimulation is essential for more complex and integrated hebaviour (e.g. a conditioned avoidance response).
Regulation of Monoamine Synthesis and Utilization by Receptors
Regulation of the turnover of monoamines in the central nervous system via monoamine receptors was first suggested by the finding that neuroleptic drugs increase the brain concentrations of dopamine
Untersuchungen über die Stereotypien nach Amphetamin und Apomorphin sowie deren pharmakologische Beeinflussung
The behaviour of mice after various doses of amphetamine or apomorphine which induce stereotypies is described in details. The induced stereotyped behaviour in mice appears more differentiated than
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  • Psychology, Medicine
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SummaryThe experiments with 9 phenylethylamine-derivatives on cats confirm that the occupation of the para-position in the phenol-ring by an OCH3-group is essential to produce a Hypokinetic Rigid
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