Relating reverse and forward solute diffusion to membrane fouling in osmotically driven membrane processes.

Abstract

Osmotically driven membrane processes, such as forward osmosis (FO) and pressure retarded osmosis (PRO), are attracting increasing interest in research and applications in environment and energy related fields. In this study, we systematically investigated the alginate fouling on an osmotic membrane during FO operation using four types of draw solutions… (More)
DOI: 10.1016/j.watres.2012.02.024

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