Reirradiation, surgery and IORT for recurrent rectal cancer in previously irradiated patients.

@article{Vermaas2008ReirradiationSA,
  title={Reirradiation, surgery and IORT for recurrent rectal cancer in previously irradiated patients.},
  author={Maarten Vermaas and Joost J. M. E. Nuyttens and Floris T. J. Ferenschild and Cornelis Verhoef and A. M. M. Eggermont and Johannes H. W. de Wilt},
  journal={Radiotherapy and oncology : journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology},
  year={2008},
  volume={87 3},
  pages={357-60}
}
A total of 11 patients with recurrent rectal cancer who had been previously irradiated were treated with preoperative reirradiation (median dose 30Gy), surgery and IORT. This treatment was related with high morbidity, a short pain-free survival (5 months) and poor local control (27% after 3 years), although some patients have long-term distant control and survival. 

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