Reinventing China

  title={Reinventing China},
  author={Gang Zhao},
  journal={Modern China},
  pages={3 - 30}
  • Gang Zhao
  • Published 1 January 2006
  • Education
  • Modern China
This article uses both Manchu and Han sources to interrogate the relationship between Qing and China. After toppling the Ming reign, the Qing rulers identified their state with China as their eighteenth-century campaigns in Inner Asia redefined what China was. By the early twentieth century, educational institutions had facilitated the Manchu efforts to gain the hearts and minds of the Han intellectual elite, who embraced the idea that China was a multiethnic state. Although Manchu rule ended… 

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