Reinventing China

  title={Reinventing China},
  author={Gang Zhao},
  journal={Modern China},
  pages={3 - 30}
This article uses both Manchu and Han sources to interrogate the relationship between Qing and China. After toppling the Ming reign, the Qing rulers identified their state with China as their eighteenth-century campaigns in Inner Asia redefined what China was. By the early twentieth century, educational institutions had facilitated the Manchu efforts to gain the hearts and minds of the Han intellectual elite, who embraced the idea that China was a multiethnic state. Although Manchu rule ended… Expand
Civilizing the Great Qing: Manchu-Korean Relations and the Reconstruction of the Chinese Empire, 1644–1761
On June 6, 1644, forty days after the suicide of the last emperor of the Ming Dynasty, the Manchu forces of the Great Qing occupied Beijing without a fight. They were able to do so with the supportExpand
Early Chinese Nationalism: The Origins under Manchu Rule
This chapter deals with the early development of Chinese nationalism around 1900 and its significant influence on the nationalist selfperceptions of the present-day People’s Republic of China (PRC),Expand
Asiatics and Chinamen
This article compares two clusters of polemical language. One is comprised of critical uses of the term “Asiatic” in Russian political discourse from the 1890s to the 1910s. The other is ChineseExpand
From Borderland to Heartland: The Discourse of the North-West In Early Republican China
AbstractThe issue of the North-West, its developmental potential and significance as a national place, gained great attention in early and mid-1930s China. Early twentieth-century ChineseExpand
Born in Translation
Around the turn of the twentieth century, late Qing (1644–1911) thinkers settled on an ancient term, Zhongguo, as an appropriate name for the nation-form to supplant the empire that had run itsExpand
The Literary Territorialization of Manchuria: Rethinking National and Transnational Literature in East Asia
This dissertation studies modern Chinese, Korean, and Japanese literature written in and about Manchuria from the 1920s through the 1970s. Manchuria, now the northeastern part of China, was once anExpand
New Qing History: Dispute, Dialog, and Influence
This article studies the New Qing History approach that arose in the US in the 1980s and the ensuing responses to it, and how these responses can be understood in the context of American ChinaExpand
Competing Narratives of Racial Unity in Republican China
Following Prasenjit Duara's strategy for “de-constructing China,” this article traces the development of several competing narratives of national unity and origin during the formative Republican eraExpand
Introduction: The Significance of the Qianlong-Jiaqing Transition in Qing History
Over the past decades, we have learned a great deal about the Qing’s “prosperous age” (shengshi) of the eighteenth century, and about the first kaifang era of the late nineteenth and early twentiethExpand
Abstract By examining the cultural identity of China's Ming dynasty, this essay challenges two prevalent perceptions of the Ming in existing literature: to presume a monolithic socio-ethno-culturalExpand


The Limits of Tartary: Manchuria in Imperial and National Geographies
This essay examines the transformation from undifferentiated frontier to geographic region of that part of northeast Asia controversially referred to as Manchuria. This transition—from space toExpand
The Manchu Way: The Eight Banners and Ethnic Identity in Late Imperial China
List of maps and figures List of tables Preface Note on transcription and other conventions Qing reign periods Introduction: the problem with the Manchus Part I. Structures of Eight Banner Society:Expand
Boundaries, Maps, and Movement: Chinese, Russian, and Mongolian Empires in Early Modern Central Eurasia
Comparative responses to global processes that affected China and the other early modern empires. Central Eurasia during the seventeent and eighteenth centuries offers one important site becauseExpand
Chinese Nationalism
  • J. Townsend
  • The Australian Journal of Chinese Affairs
  • 1992
Nationalism was the 'moving force' of the Chinese revolution, wrote Mary Wright, capturing in a phrase a conviction widely shared among students of modern China.1 In this perspective, a 'rising tide'Expand
A Translucent Mirror: History and Identity in Qing Imperial Ideology
Acknowledgments Notes to Readers Introduction I. Identity at the Heart of Empire 1. Ethnicity in the Qing Eight Banners Mark C. Elliott 2. Making Mongols Pamela Kyle Crossley 3. "A Fierce and BrutalExpand
Rescuing History from the Nation: Questioning Narratives of Modern China.
Linear history and the nation-state Bifurcating linear histories in China and India the campaigns against religion and the return of the repressed secret brotherhood and revolutionary discourse inExpand
China Under Mongol Rule
Encompassing history, politics, religion, and art, this collection of essays on Chinese civilization under the Mongols challenges the previously held views that Mongol rule had only negativeExpand
The Clash of Empires: The Invention of China in Modern World Making
The Clash of Empires: The Invention of China in Modern World Making, by Lydia H. Liu. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2006. xvi + 318 pp. US$17.95 (paperback). Lydia Liu begins The Clash ofExpand
满与汉 : 清末民初的族群关系与政治权力 (1861-1928) = Manchus and Han : ethnic relations and political power in late Qing and early republican China, 1861-1928
China's 1911-12 Revolution, which overthrew a 2000-year succession of dynasties, is thought of primarily as a change in governmental style, from imperial to republican, traditional to modern. ButExpand
The Significance of the Ch'ing Period in Chinese History
Although the Ch'ing period is generally regarded as one of the better studied and understood periods of Chinese history, the existing fund of our knowledge is actually far from adequate. A systematicExpand