Reinforcement generates reproductive isolation between neighbouring conspecific populations of spadefoot toads.

@article{Pfennig2014ReinforcementGR,
  title={Reinforcement generates reproductive isolation between neighbouring conspecific populations of spadefoot toads.},
  author={Karin S Pfennig and Amber M Rice},
  journal={Proceedings. Biological sciences},
  year={2014},
  volume={281 1789},
  pages={20140949}
}
Reproductive character displacement is the adaptive evolution of traits that minimize deleterious reproductive interactions between species. When arising from selection to avoid hybridization, this process is referred to as reinforcement. Reproductive character displacement generates divergence not only between interacting species, but also between conspecific populations that are sympatric with heterospecifics versus those that are allopatric. Consequently, such conspecific populations can… CONTINUE READING
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