Rehabilitation of executive function: facilitation of effective goal management on complex tasks using periodic auditory alerts

  title={Rehabilitation of executive function: facilitation of effective goal management on complex tasks using periodic auditory alerts},
  author={Tom Manly and Kari Hawkins and Jon Evans and Karina Woldt and Ian H. Robertson},

Improving planning and prospective memory in a virtual reality setting : investigating the use of periodic auditory alerts in conjunction with goal management training on a complex virtual reality task in individuals with acquired brain injury

Abstract Introduction: Deficits in planning and prospective memory are common after brain injury and contribute to difficulties participating in everyday activities. Recent research has suggested

Effects of initial planning on task execution performance of older adults: A naturalistic assessment paradigm

Efficiency of the initial plan was a significant predictor oftask execution efficiency and initial plans that contained a higher amount of Task Relevant Associations predicted a shorter duration of task execution after controlling for age, processing speed and episodic memory.

Imaging the effects of cognitive rehabilitation interventions: developing paradigms for the assessment and rehabilitation of prospective memory

The aim of this thesis was to develop paradigms for assessing prospective memory that could be used to measure the behavioural and functional changes in the brain following brief cognitive rehabilitation interventions with the first part of the thesis investigating the convergent and ecological validity of computerised assessment measures of PM.

Long-term compensatory treatment of organizational deficits in a patient with bilateral frontal lobe damage

It is suggested that, in addition to direct reminders, the pager can cue a process of goal monitoring that bridges the gap between intention and action, at a much more consistent level than the checklist.

The sensitivity of a virtual reality task to planning and prospective memory impairments: Group differences and the efficacy of periodic alerts on performance

Patients with a non-progressive brain injury and reported executive difficulties in everyday life were asked to perform a VR task that emphasised planning, rule following and prospective memory tasks, and no significant changes in performance were detected.

Cognitive training approaches to remediate attention and executive dysfunction after traumatic brain injury: A single-case series

Improvements in speed of processing on the SDMT and the automatic condition of the cancellation task after APT-3 and at follow-up, but with most improvement after strategy training, highlight the need for individualised rehabilitation of attention to improve everyday functioning after TBI.

Neuropsychological Rehabilitation of Executive Functions: Challenges and Perspectives

There is evidence of improvement of EF using some rehabilitation techniques, but there is a need for the development of new and/or combined techniques for a broader impact on quality of life for patients.

Brain imaging of executive function with the computerised multiple elements test.

The ability of the CMET to elicit activity in well-known executive networks is shown, becoming a potential tool for the study of executive impairment in neurological and neuropsychiatric populations in a more ecological way than classical paradigms.

Cognitive control of internally-guided behaviours

The evidence in this thesis supports the suggestion that different executive processes are employed depending on the demand for internally- generated behaviour, and that the executive processes recruited for PM tasks reflect the demands made on internal control.



Rehabilitation of executive functioning: An experimental–clinical validation of Goal Management Training

Two studies assessed the effects of a training procedure, derived from Duncan's theory of goal neglect, on disorganized behavior following TBI and provided both experimental and clinical support for the efficacy of GMT toward the treatment of executive functioning deficits that compromise independence in patients with brain damage.

Central Executive Deficit and Response to Operant Conditioning Methods

Controls and brain injured responders were able to allocate attentional resources appropriately when confronted with the need to monitor multiple events, while non-responders could not, and inability to monitor two concurrent events results in functio...

Problem-solving deficits in brain-injured patients: A therapeutic approach

Abstract We developed a specific problem-solving training (PST) and tested it in a small group study. The primary objective of the PST was to provide patients with techniques enabling them to reduce

Behavioural treatment of the dysexecutive syndrome: Reduction of repetitive speech using response cost and cognitive overlearning

The use of two behavioural methods—response cost and cognitive overlearning—in the treatment of a behaviourally disturbed, herpes simplex encephalitis survivor who presented with a dysexecutive syndrome resulted in significant statistical and clinical change within sessions.

Deficits in strategy application following frontal lobe damage in man.

A quantitative investigation of the ability to carry out a variety of cognitive tasks was performed in patients who had sustained traumatic injuries which involved prefrontal structures, and it is argued that the problem arose from an inability to reactivate after a delay previously-generated intentions when they are not directly signalled by the stimulus situation.

Back to work with a chronic dysexecutive syndrome? (A case report)

Abstract We present the case of G.L., a 33-year-old medical doctor, who, nine years after traumatic brain injury, was admitted to our department after he had drifted through several jobs. According

Reflections on the treatment of brain-injured patients suffering from problem-solving disorders

Abstract We present a training programme for brain-injured patients with impaired problem-solving abilities, which combines techniques of cognitive remediation and behavioural modification. We first

Planning disorder after closed head injury: a case study.

Cicerone KD, Wood JC: Planning disorder after closed head injury: a case study. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 68:l1l-115. 1987. o Disturbances of executive functioning after traumatic brain injury represent

Improvement of self-monitoring skills, reduction of behaviour disturbance and the dysexecutive syndrome: Comparison of response cost and a new programme of self-monitoring training

A case is described in which behaviour incompatible with rehabilitation was attributable to inaccuracies in self-monitoring, and response cost was used successfully, but the results did not generalise to a second environment.

Methodology of frontal and executive function

Testing central executive functioning with a pencil-and-paper test, A. Baddeley et al theory and methodology in executive function research, P.W. Burgess executive and non-executive functions in