Regulation of transforming growth factor-beta1 expression by granulocyte macrophage-colony-stimulating factor in leiomyoma and myometrial smooth muscle cells.

Human myometrium and leiomyomas express granulocyte macrophage-colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF), transforming growth factor-beta (TGFbeta), and their receptors. Overexpression of TGFbeta and, to a limited extent, GM-CSF has been associated with tissue fibrosis throughout the body, including leiomyomas. The objective of the present study was to determine… (More)