Anti-goitrous effect of lecithin-bound iodine in propylthiouracil treated rats.
When spermidine, putrescine or 1,3-diaminopropane was injected (12.5 mumol/100 g body weight) into rats 1 h before thyrotropin, ornithine decarboxylase activity was increased by 75--150% over control levels. However, when greater than or equal to 75 mumol polyamine/100 g body weight was injected, thyrotropin-activated activity was inhibited by 70--95%. Multiple polyamine injections inhibited goitrogen-induced activity and gland weight increase by approx 35%. The polyamines also inhibited thyrotropin-activated rat thyroid ornithine decarboxylase in vitro in a dose-related fashion, with 50% inhibition occurring at 2--5 . 10(-4)M. The inhibition was not due to a direct effect on the enzyme. No stimulation was seen with low concentrations of polyamine. The polyamines had no effect on in vitro thyroid protein/RNA synthesis or glucose oxidation but had a biphasic effect on plasma membrane adenylate cyclase activity. A protein inhibitor to thyroid ornithine decarboxylase was generated in vivo by multiple injections of the polyamines into rats and in vitro by incubating bovine thyroid slices with 2--10 mM polyamine. The inhibitor was non-dialyzable, destroyed by boiling, and its formation was blocked in a dose-related fashion by cycloheximide. We conclude that: (1) thyroid ornithine decarboxylase is subject not only to positive control, but is also negatively regulated by its end-products, the polyamines, which induce a protein inhibitor to ornithine decarboxylase; (2) since gland growth is also inhibited under these conditions, the polyamine effect on thyroid ornithine decarboxylase may be biologically significant.