Regulation of the protein kinase Raf-1 by oncogenic Ras through phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase, Cdc42/Rac and Pak

Activation of the protein kinase Raf-1 is a complex process involving association with the GTP-bound form of Ras (Ras-GTP), membrane translocation and both serine/threonine and tyrosine phosphorylation (reviewed in [1]). We have reported previously that p21-activated kinase 3 (Pak3) upregulates Raf-1 through direct phosphorylation on Ser338 [2]. Here, we… CONTINUE READING