Regulation of the cytoskeleton and cell adhesion by the Rho family GTPases in mammalian cells.

  title={Regulation of the cytoskeleton and cell adhesion by the Rho family GTPases in mammalian cells.},
  author={Kozo Kaibuchi and Shinya Kuroda and Mutsuki Amano},
  journal={Annual review of biochemistry},
Members of the Rho family of small Ras-like GTPases--including RhoA, -B, and -C, Rac1 and -2, and Cdc42--exhibit guanine nucleotide-binding activity and function as molecular switches, cycling between an inactive GDP-bound state and an active GTP-bound state. The Rho family GTPases participate in regulation of the actin cytoskeleton and cell adhesion through specific targets. Identification and characterization of these targets have begun to clarify how the Rho family GTPases act to regulate… 

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