The relationship between the oligomeric status and functions of chemokine receptor CCR3 is still controversial. We use total internal reflection fluorescence microscopy at the single-molecule level to visualize the oligomeric status of CCR3 and its regulation of the membrane of stably transfected T-REx-293 cells. We find that the population of the dimers and oligomers of CCR3 can be modulated by the binding of ligands. Natural agonists can induce an increase in the level of dimers and oligomers at high concentrations, whereas antagonists do not have a significant influence on the oligomeric status. Moreover, monomeric CCR3 exhibits a stronger chemotactic response in the migration assay of stably transfected CCR3 cells. Together, these data support the notion that CCR3 exists as a mixture of monomers and dimers under nearly physiological conditions and the monomeric CCR3 receptor is the minimal functional unit in cellular signaling transduction. To the best of our knowledge, these results constitute the first report of the oligomeric status of CCR3 and its regulation.