Regulation of the Neural Circuitry of Emotion by Compassion Meditation: Effects of Meditative Expertise

@article{Lutz2008RegulationOT,
  title={Regulation of the Neural Circuitry of Emotion by Compassion Meditation: Effects of Meditative Expertise},
  author={Antoine Lutz and Julie A. Brefczynski-Lewis and Tom Johnstone and Richard J. Davidson},
  journal={PLoS ONE},
  year={2008},
  volume={3}
}
Recent brain imaging studies using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) have implicated insula and anterior cingulate cortices in the empathic response to another's pain. [] Key Method To probe affective reactivity, we presented emotional and neutral sounds during the meditation and comparison periods.

Figures and Tables from this paper

Meditation-induced neuroplastic changes in amygdala activity during negative affective processing
TLDR
The findings suggest that the distress-reducing effects of meditation practice on affective processing may transfer to ordinary states, which have important implications on stress management.
Brain activation during compassion meditation: a case study.
TLDR
The results in this study are in concordance with the hypothesis that compassion meditation is accompanied by activation in brain areas involved with empathy as well as with happy and pleasant feelings.
Effects of mindful-attention and compassion meditation training on amygdala response to emotional stimuli in an ordinary, non-meditative state
TLDR
This study investigated how 8 weeks of training in meditation affects amygdala responses to emotional stimuli in subjects when in a non-meditative state and found a longitudinal decrease in right amygdala activation in the Mindful Attention group in response to positive images, and inresponse to images of all valences overall.
Cognitive Emotion Regulation in Yogic Meditative Practitioners Sustained Modulation of Electrical Brain Potentials
Recently, there is a growing interest in meditation as an attentional and emotional regulatory strategy. To examine whether meditative practice is associated with successful emotion regulation, we
Mindfulness meditation regulates anterior insula activity during empathy for social pain
TLDR
The findings suggest that current mindfulness meditation could provide an adaptive mechanism in coping with distress due to the empathic sharing of others' suffering, thereby possibly enabling compassionate behavior.
Case Study of Ecstatic Meditation: fMRI and EEG Evidence of Self-Stimulating a Reward System
TLDR
The first neural recording during ecstatic meditations called jhanas is reported and an apparently novel method of self-stimulating a brain reward system using only internal mental processes in a highly trained subject is demonstrated.
Title: Compassion Meditation Enhances Empathic Accuracy and Related Neural Activity Author affiliation:
The ability to accurately infer others’ mental states from facial expressions is important for optimal social functioning and is fundamentally impaired in social cognitive disorders such as autism.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 32 REFERENCES
Neural correlates of attentional expertise in long-term meditation practitioners
TLDR
In age-matched participants, using functional MRI, it was found that activation in a network of brain regions typically involved in sustained attention showed an inverted u-shaped curve in which expert meditators (EMs) with an average of 19,000 h of practice had more activation than novices, but EMs with anAverage of 44,000H had less activation.
Empathic neural responses are modulated by the perceived fairness of others
TLDR
It is shown that in men (at least) empathic responses are shaped by valuation of other people's social behaviour, such that they empathize with fair opponents while favouring the physical punishment of unfair opponents, a finding that echoes recent evidence for altruistic punishment.
Long-term meditators self-induce high-amplitude gamma synchrony during mental practice.
TLDR
It is found that long-term Buddhist practitioners self-induce sustained electroencephalographic high-amplitude gamma-band oscillations and phase-synchrony during meditation, suggesting that mental training involves temporal integrative mechanisms and may induce short-term and long- term neural changes.
Meditation experience is associated with increased cortical thickness
TLDR
Between-group differences in prefrontal cortical thickness were most pronounced in older participants, suggesting that meditation might offset age-related cortical thinning, and data provide the first structural evidence for experience-dependent cortical plasticity associated with meditation practice.
Empathy for Pain Involves the Affective but not Sensory Components of Pain
TLDR
Only that part of the pain network associated with its affective qualities, but not its sensory qualities, mediates empathy, suggesting that the neural substrate for empathic experience does not involve the entire "pain matrix".
Well-being and affective style: neural substrates and biobehavioural correlates.
  • R. Davidson
  • Psychology, Biology
    Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological sciences
  • 2004
TLDR
The central substrates and peripheral biological correlates of well-being are described and whether these patterns of central and peripheral biology can be modified by training and shifted toward a more salubrious direction is considered.
Amygdala and Ventromedial Prefrontal Cortex Are Inversely Coupled during Regulation of Negative Affect and Predict the Diurnal Pattern of Cortisol Secretion among Older Adults
TLDR
Individual differences yielded the predicted link between brain function while reducing negative affect in the laboratory and diurnal regulation of endocrine activity in the home environment.
The empathic brain: how, when and why?
How Would You Feel versus How Do You Think She Would Feel? A Neuroimaging Study of Perspective-Taking with Social Emotions
TLDR
The results of this positron emission tomography study support the prediction that the frontopolar, the somatosensory cortex, and the right inferior parietal lobe are crucial in the process of self/ other distinction.
Fundamental feelings
TLDR
Because feelings are the direct consequences of emotions, the elucidation of emotional neurobiology opens the way to elucidating the neurobiology of feelings.
...
1
2
3
4
...