Regulation of mucosal immune responses in effector sites.

  title={Regulation of mucosal immune responses in effector sites.},
  author={Marshall Bailey and Fiona J. Plunkett and Hermann Josef Rothk{\"o}tter and M A Vega-L{\'o}pez and Karin Haverson and Christopher R. Stokes},
  journal={The Proceedings of the Nutrition Society},
  volume={60 4},
In human disease and rodent models, immune responses in the intestinal mucosa can be damaging. Damage is characterised by villus atrophy, crypt hyperplasia and reduced ability to digest and absorb nutrients. In normal individuals active responses to harmless environmental antigens associated with food and commensal bacteria are controlled by the development of immunological tolerance. Similar pathological changes occur in piglets weaned early from their mothers. Active immune responses to food… CONTINUE READING
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Postnatal development of lymphocyte subsets in different compartments of the small intestine of pigs

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