Regulation of insulin sensitivity by adipose tissue-derived hormones and inflammatory cytokines.

Abstract

PURPOSE OF REVIEW The aim of this review is to assess the role of adipose tissue-derived hormones and inflammatory cytokines in the pathogenesis of obesity-linked type II diabetes, with a special focus on articles published between December 2002 and December 2003. RECENT FINDINGS Insulin resistance is widely recognized as a fundamental defect seen in obesity and type II diabetes. Although the molecular mechanisms triggering the development of insulin resistance remain elusive, recent studies have suggested that adipose tissue and adipose tissue-derived hormones and inflammatory cytokines play essential roles in the overall insulin sensitivity in vivo. Dysfunctions of adipose tissue can lead to systemic insulin resistance. SUMMARY Understanding the regulation of the metabolic and secretory functions of adipose tissue, as well as its subsequent impact on overall insulin sensitivity, is becoming increasingly important given the therapeutic potential of targeting the root causes of insulin resistance in the treatment of type 2 diabetes and its associated complications, such as cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases.

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@article{Ruan2004RegulationOI, title={Regulation of insulin sensitivity by adipose tissue-derived hormones and inflammatory cytokines.}, author={Hong Ruan and Harvey F. Lodish}, journal={Current opinion in lipidology}, year={2004}, volume={15 3}, pages={297-302} }