Regulation of inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate metabolism by guanine nucleotides in membranes of cultured newborn rat cardiomyocytes.

Abstract

Membranes of cultured newborn rat cardiomyocytes contain enzymatic activities that regulate the formation and the breakdown of inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (1,4,5-IP3). GTP gamma S increased the rate of exogenous [3H]phosphatidyl 4,5-bisphosphate ([3H]PIP2) hydrolysis (EC50: 40 microM). This effect was dependent on the presence of deoxycholate and maximal at 2 mM deoxycholate. GTP gamma S increased the efficacy of phospholipase C (PLC) (by 2.3-fold), but did not alter the apparent affinity of the enzyme for PIP2. Other nucleotides, GDP beta S and ATP gamma S, and pyrophosphate also stimulated PIP2 hydrolysis, while AlF4- was ineffective. The effect of GTP gamma S was not inhibited by GDP beta S. The agonists norepinephrine and thrombin, which by themselves had no effect, did not potentiate the response to GTP gamma S. In contrast, 1,4,5-IP3 hydrolysis was decreased by GTP gamma S (EC50: 100 microM) as well as by other nucleotides and by pyrophosphate, but not by AlF4-. GDP beta S did not antagonize the GTP gamma S-induced inhibition of IP3 hydrolysis. These results suggest that GTP can stimulate the hydrolysis of exogenous PIP2 by an action on membrane-bound PLC at a site beyond the G protein activating PLC and inhibit the hydrolysis of 1,4,5-IP3 by a mechanism common to all nucleotides. Thus, GTP can regulate 1,4,5-IP3 metabolism by stimulating its formation and inhibiting its breakdown.

Cite this paper

@article{Vulliemoz1992RegulationOI, title={Regulation of inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate metabolism by guanine nucleotides in membranes of cultured newborn rat cardiomyocytes.}, author={Yvonne Vulliemoz and Francois Huber and John P. Bilezikian}, journal={Biochemical pharmacology}, year={1992}, volume={43 5}, pages={1001-7} }