Regulation of astrocyte nitric oxide synthase type II expression by ATP and glutamate involves loss of transcription factor binding to DNA.

Pretreatment of astrocytes with either glutamate or ATP, acting via specific receptors, suppresses subsequent cytokine-induced expression of type II nitric oxide synthase (NOS). This effect is downstream from the activation and translocation of nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB, as western blotting revealed no difference in accumulation of the p50 subunit in… (More)