Regulation of CD8+ T cell responses to infection with parasitic protozoa.

Abstract

There are over 10,000 species of parasitic protozoa, a subset of which can cause considerable disease in humans. Here we examine in detail the complex immune response generated during infection with a subset of these parasites: Trypanosoma cruzi, Leishmania sp., Toxoplasma gondii, and Plasmodium sp. While these particular species perhaps represent the most studied parasites in terms of understanding how T cells function during infection, it is clear that the lessons learned from this body of work are also relevant to the other protozoa known to induce a CD8(+) T cell response. This review will highlight some of the key studies that established that CD8(+) T cells play a major role in protective immunity to protozoa, the factors that promote the generation as well as maintenance of the CD8(+) T cell response during these infections, and draw attention to some of the gaps in our knowledge. Moreover, the development of new tools, including MHC-Class I tetramer reagents and the use of TCR transgenic mice or genetically modified parasites, has provided a better appreciation of how parasite specific CD8(+) T cell responses are initiated and new insights into their phenotypic plasticity.

DOI: 10.1016/j.exppara.2010.05.008

Cite this paper

@article{Jordan2010RegulationOC, title={Regulation of CD8+ T cell responses to infection with parasitic protozoa.}, author={Kimberly A. Jordan and Christopher A Hunter}, journal={Experimental parasitology}, year={2010}, volume={126 3}, pages={318-25} }