Eine experimentelle Untersuchung über die apyrenen Spermatozoen des Seidenspinners Bombyx mori L.
- Jiro Machida
- Zeitschrift für Zellforschung und Mikroskopische…
Lepidoptera males bear two kinds of meiotic divisions. One is regular (eupyrene) and leads to nucleate, fertilizing spermatozoa. The other (apyrene) shows metaphase I chromosomes clumping together into irregular masses which later split forming daughter cells with unbalanced sets of chromosomes which are eventually extruded from the cells; hence, the spermatids develop into anucleate spermatozoa of unknown function. The apyrene divisions are induced by a haemolymph factor which becomes functional towards pupation. Using incorporation of tritiated thymidine at the premeiotic S-phase as a marker for timing, it was found that the prophase of the apyrene spermatocyte is shorter than that of the eupyrene spermatocyte. It is proposed that meiosis-specific proteins cannot be synthesized during the shortened apyrene prophase and that this is correlated with the irregular chromosome behaviour during the subsequent metaphase-telophase of these spermatocytes.