Registered Pesticides and Citrus Terpenes as Blackbird Repellents for Rice

Abstract

Nonlethal management alternatives are needed to minimize bird depredation of agricultural crops. We conducted 8 caged feeding tests and 2 field studies to evaluate 2 registered fungicides (GWN-4770, Gowan Company, Yuma, AZ; Quadris, Syngenta Crop Protection, Greensboro, NC), a neem oil insecticide (Aza-Direct, Gowan Company), and a novel terpene formulation… (More)

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