Regional inequality in human capital formation in Europe, 1790–1880

  title={Regional inequality in human capital formation in Europe, 1790–1880},
  author={Ralph Hippe and Joerg Baten},
  journal={Scandinavian Economic History Review},
  pages={254 - 289}
  • R. Hippe, J. Baten
  • Published 1 November 2012
  • Economics
  • Scandinavian Economic History Review
Abstract Recent theoretical advances reveal the importance of human capital for long-run economic growth. However, the absence of data makes it difficult to measure human capital before 1870 at the national level, let alone at the regional level within countries. By using the age heaping method and a large, new data set, we approximate the numeracy values in more than 570 regions in Europe between 1790 and 1880. The results indicate a significant gap in numeracy levels between advanced west and… 

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