Regional homogeneity of the resting-state brain activity correlates with individual intelligence.

Abstract

Resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging has confirmed that the strengths of the long distance functional connectivity between different brain areas are correlated with individual differences in intelligence. However, the association between the local connectivity within a specific brain region and intelligence during rest remains largely unknown. The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between local connectivity and intelligence. Fifty-nine right-handed healthy adults participated in the study. The regional homogeneity (ReHo) was used to assess the strength of local connectivity. The associations between ReHo and full-scale intelligence quotient (FSIQ) scores were studied in a voxel-wise manner using partial correlation analysis controlling for age and sex. We found that the FSIQ scores were positively correlated with the ReHo values of the bilateral inferior parietal lobules, middle frontal, parahippocampal and inferior temporal gyri, the right thalamus, superior frontal and fusiform gyri, and the left superior parietal lobule. The main findings are consistent with the parieto-frontal integration theory (P-FIT) of intelligence, supporting the view that general intelligence involves multiple brain regions throughout the brain.

DOI: 10.1016/j.neulet.2010.11.046

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@article{Wang2011RegionalHO, title={Regional homogeneity of the resting-state brain activity correlates with individual intelligence.}, author={Leiqiong Wang and Ming Song and Tianzi Jiang and Yunting Zhang and Chunshui Yu}, journal={Neuroscience letters}, year={2011}, volume={488 3}, pages={275-8} }