MRS-MIL: Minimum reference set based multiple instance learning for automatic image annotation
In an annotated image database, keywords are usually associated with images instead of individual regions, which poses a major challenge for any region based image annotation algorithm. In this paper, we propose to learn the correspondence between image regions and keywords through Multiple-Instance Learning (MIL). After a representative image region has been learned for a given keyword, we consider image annotation as a problem of image classification, in which each keyword is treated as a distinct class label. The classification problem is then addressed using the Bayesian framework. The proposed image annotation method is evaluated on an image database with 5,000 images.