Reframing landscape fragmentation's effects on ecosystem services.


Landscape structure and fragmentation have important effects on ecosystem services, with a common assumption being that fragmentation reduces service provision. This is based on fragmentation's expected effects on ecosystem service supply, but ignores how fragmentation influences the flow of services to people. Here we develop a new conceptual framework that explicitly considers the links between landscape fragmentation, the supply of services, and the flow of services to people. We argue that fragmentation's effects on ecosystem service flow can be positive or negative, and use our framework to construct testable hypotheses about the effects of fragmentation on final ecosystem service provision. Empirical efforts to apply and test this framework are critical to improving landscape management for multiple ecosystem services.

DOI: 10.1016/j.tree.2015.01.011
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@article{Mitchell2015ReframingLF, title={Reframing landscape fragmentation's effects on ecosystem services.}, author={Matthew G. E. Mitchell and Andr{\'e}s F Suarez-Castro and Maria Jose Martinez-Harms and Martine Maron and Clive McAlpine and Kevin J. Gaston and Kasper Johansen and Jonathan Rhodes}, journal={Trends in ecology & evolution}, year={2015}, volume={30 4}, pages={190-8} }