Refractory Out of Hospital Cardiac Arrest.

@article{Shanmugasundaram2018RefractoryOO,
  title={Refractory Out of Hospital Cardiac Arrest.},
  author={Madhan Shanmugasundaram and Kapildeo Lotun},
  journal={Current cardiology reviews},
  year={2018},
  volume={14 2},
  pages={
          109-114
        }
}
Refractory out of hospital cardiac arrest is a common problem that is associated with poor overall survival rates and neurological outcomes. There are various definitions that have been used but the most accepted one is cardiac arrest that requires more than 10 minutes of Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) efforts or more than 3 defibrillation attempts. There have been different pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic therapies that were studied in these patients. None of the antiarrhythmic or… CONTINUE READING