Refraction and the spitting behavior of the archerfish (Toxotes chatareus)

@article{Dill1977RefractionAT,
  title={Refraction and the spitting behavior of the archerfish (Toxotes chatareus)},
  author={Lawrence M. Dill},
  journal={Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology},
  year={1977},
  volume={2},
  pages={169-184}
}
  • L. Dill
  • Published 1 June 1977
  • Environmental Science
  • Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology
Summary1.Archerfish (Toxotes chatareus) spit droplets of water at aerial insect prey, knocking them onto the water surface to be eaten. Since the fish's eyes remain completely below the water surface during sighting and spitting the fish must deal with potentially severe refraction effects at the air-water interface. High speed (200 f.p.s.) motion picture films of 480 spitting sequences were analyzed to determine the magnitude of the refraction effect and to suggest how the fish compensate for… 

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