Refraction and the spitting behavior of the archerfish (Toxotes chatareus)

  title={Refraction and the spitting behavior of the archerfish (Toxotes chatareus)},
  author={L. Dill},
  journal={Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology},
  • L. Dill
  • Published 2004
  • Biology
  • Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology
Summary1.Archerfish (Toxotes chatareus) spit droplets of water at aerial insect prey, knocking them onto the water surface to be eaten. Since the fish's eyes remain completely below the water surface during sighting and spitting the fish must deal with potentially severe refraction effects at the air-water interface. High speed (200 f.p.s.) motion picture films of 480 spitting sequences were analyzed to determine the magnitude of the refraction effect and to suggest how the fish compensate for… Expand
Striking of underwater prey by a reef heron,Egretta gularis schistacea
SummaryThe ability of a piscivorous bird, the western reef heron,Egretta gularis schistacea, to cope with light refraction at the air/water interface was investigated. The heron's capture rate ofExpand
A spitting image: specializations in archerfish eyes for vision at the interface between air and water
Using microspectrophotometry to characterize the spectral absorbance of photoreceptors, it is found that archerfish have differentially tuned their rods and cones across their retina, correlated with spectral differences in aquatic and aerial fields of view. Expand
Aerial and aquatic feeding in the silver arawana, Osteoglossum bicirrhosum
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Hunting in archerfish – an ecological perspective on a remarkable combination of skills
  • S. Schuster
  • Computer Science, Medicine
  • Journal of Experimental Biology
  • 2018
It is suggested that the evolution of shooting has strongly pushed the co-evolution of diverse other skills that are needed to secure a catch in archerfish. Expand
Hydrodynamics of jumping in archer fish, Toxotes microlepis
The maneuvering of fish is not only of interest to those wishing to better understand how fish function, but also is a great inspiration for designing underwater vehicles. This thesis provides theExpand
Intraspecific kleptoparasitism and counter-tactics in the archerfish (Toxotes chatareus)
Several counter-kleptoparasitism behaviours were observed, including jumping to grab prey directly, aggression, spitting technique, and positioning, which increased with both prey size and prey height (analogous to handling time). Expand
Stationary underwater prey missed by reef herons,Egretta gularis: head position and light refraction at the moment of strike
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Archerfish use their shooting technique to produce adaptive underwater jets
It is suggested that archerfish use the same technique to also actively control jets under water and that they employ the same basic technique to adjust their jets in both conditions. Expand
Visual acuity in the archerfish: behavior, anatomy, and neurophysiology.
The archerfish can be used as an animal model for studying how visual details are streamed to the brain by retinal output, indicating that retinal ganglion cells in the area centralis stream information to thebrain at a comparable resolution with which it is sampled by the photoreceptors. Expand
Archer fish jumping prey capture: kinematics and hydrodynamics
Archer fish are unique aquatic predators capable of jumping multiple body lengths straight up out of the water using oscillatory caudal fin kinematics, in concert with other fins, for propulsion and stabilization. Expand


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Four adult shooting archer fish were studied in a captive situation and the accuracy with which they “shot” for prey and the sequences that they performed during shooting were analyzed. Expand
Prey Capture by the Brown Pelican
METHODS of prey capture are of considerable interest to biologists. Fish-eating birds have been studied extensively (cf. Ashmole 1971) and, among seabirds, the order Pelecaniformes provides a diverseExpand
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Comparative Feeding Ecology of Wintering Abult and Juvenile Royal Terns (Aves: Laridae, Sterninae)
Results confirm Lack's and Ashmole's basic hypothesis that extended parental care and reduced feeding ability of young have played a significant role in the evolution of seabird clutch size and suggest that foraging differences must be incorporated in future predator-prey models. Expand
Morphologisch-anatomische und histologische untersuchungen am auge des schützenfisches Toxotes jaculatrix (Pallas 1766) (Toxotidae), nebst bemerkungen zum spuckgehaben
  • K. H. Lüling
  • Biology
  • Zeitschrift für Morphologie und Ökologie der Tiere
  • 2004
Theoretisch-Skologisehe Bedentung der in sehr gro~er Zahl vorhandenen Dunkelelemente (Stabehen) im Toxotes-Auge, insbesondere ihre Zapfen-, St~ibehenund ~uBere KSrnerschicht. Expand
Fundamentals of Optics
Fundamentals of optics , Fundamentals of optics , مرکز فناوری اطلاعات و اطلاع رسانی کشاورزی
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  • sequences. Bull. Psychonom
  • 1976
Survival value of the white coloration of gulls and other sea birds
  • J . Zool . , Lond .
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The preycatching behaviour of the archerfish
  • Toxotes. Neth. J. Zool
  • 1975
The preycatching behaviour of the archerfish , Toxotes
  • Neth . J . Zool .
  • 1975