Reforming Representation: The Diffusion of Candidate Gender Quotas Worldwide

@article{Krook2006ReformingRT,
  title={Reforming Representation: The Diffusion of Candidate Gender Quotas Worldwide},
  author={Mona Lena Krook},
  journal={Politics \& Gender},
  year={2006},
  volume={2},
  pages={303 - 327}
}
  • M. L. Krook
  • Published 1 September 2006
  • Political Science
  • Politics & Gender
In recent years, more than a hundred countries have adopted quotas for the selection of female candidates to political office. Examining individual cases of quota reform, scholars offer four basic causal stories to explain quota adoption: Women mobilize for quotas to increase women's representation, political elites recognize strategic advantages for supporting quotas, quotas are consistent with existing or emerging notions of equality and representation, and quotas are supported by… 

Candidate gender quotas: A framework for analysis

Quotas for women in politics have diffused rapidly around the globe in recent years, with political parties and national legislatures in more than a hundred countries adopting - or debating the

International Politics and the Spread of Quotas for Women in Legislatures

  • S. Bush
  • Political Science
    International Organization
  • 2011
Abstract Quotas to promote women's representation in the world's legislatures have spread to more than one hundred countries. The diffusion of gender quotas poses a puzzle since they have often been

The impact of gender quotas : a research agenda

Political parties and national legislatures in more than 100 countries have established quotas for the selection of female candidates to political office, almost all within the last 15 years. To

Comparative Regional Patterns in Electoral Gender Quota Adoption

To date, more than 100 countries have implemented some type of quota for women in their national legislatures, leading to one of the most significant developments in the global composition of

Gender Quotas – Controversial But Trendy

The recent introduction of electoral gender quotas all over the world represents an interesting new research area, since quotas touch upon so many central themes in feminist theory, political theory

Jumping on the Bandwagon: Origins and Effects of Gender Quotas Worldwide

Quotas for Women in Politics: Gender and Candidate Selection Reform Worldwide. By Krook Mona Lena. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009. 290 pp., $22.45 paperback (ISBN-13: 978-0-195-37567-1).

Contesting Gender Quotas : A Typology of Resistance

Gender quotas have diffused rapidly around the world in recent decades, suggesting widespread and dramatic transformations in women’s access to political power. Yet there is substantial evidence of

Transnational Women's Activism and the Global Diffusion of Gender Quotas*

The rapid global spread of quotas for women constitutes one of the most significant political developments of the last thirty years. It transformed the composition of legislatures worldwide. Yet we

On the Fast Track: The Spread of Gender Quota Policies for Elected Office

What has driven the worldwide adoption and subsequent revision of gender quota policies? This study argues that this phenomenon can be best understood as exemplifying 'glocalization'--with policies

Looking Beyond Quotas : Rules Guiding Women ’ s Representation in Politics in South Eastern Europe

Quotas have long been determined to be the main and very often most effective tool in the battle against gender inequality. As a result research on gender quotas and their effect on the
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 160 REFERENCES

Candidate gender quotas: A framework for analysis

Quotas for women in politics have diffused rapidly around the globe in recent years, with political parties and national legislatures in more than a hundred countries adopting - or debating the

Quotas as a ‘fast track’ to equal representation for women: Why Scandinavia is no longer the model

Recent years have witnessed the rapid diffusion of electoral gender quotas. Today, about fourty countries around the world have introduced gender quotas for parliamentary elections, either by

Implementation of Political Party Gender Quotas

The use of gender quotas to increase women's political representation in legislatures has expanded in recent years. Scholars have identified three main categories of gender quotas, including

Political Parties and the Adoption of Candidate Gender Quotas: A Cross-National Analysis

Candidate gender quotas have been an important mechanism in increasing women's numerical representation in the national legislature, yet little empirical research has examined the adoption of quotas

Elected Bodies: The Gender Quota Law for Legislative Candidates in Mexico

In the past decade, 21 countries have adopted gender quota laws that require between 20% and 50% of all legislative candidates to be women. What explains the adoption of these laws? I argue that

Gender Quotas, Electoral Laws, and the Election of Women

Gender quotas represent a commonly advocated method by which to address the severe underrepresentation of women in the world's legislatures. This study analyzes the effect of gender quota laws on the

The Implementation of Gender Quotas in Peru: Legal Reform, Discourses and Impacts

This paper is the first of two that I have had the pleasure of preparing for the workshop. It describes the process by which gender quotas were legislated and enforced in Peru, reviews the discourse

Gender, class and representation - India and the European Union

This article examines the relationship between political representation and the two social and conceptual categories, gender and class. It uses empirical evidence drawn from political developments in

Engendering the Right to Participate in Decision-making: Electoral Quotas and Women’s Leadership in Latin America

Since elite women mobilised around suffrage rights in the nineteenth century, gaining access to decision-making power has been a central objective of women’s movements in Latin America. Today these

Women in Taiwan Politics: Overcoming Barriers to Women's Participation in a Modernizing Society

Exploring how women overcome societal and cultural barriers to their political participation in a rapidly modernizing society, this book presents a case study of Taiwan, where strongly male-dominated
...