Reflexive Selection: A Possible Answer to an Old Puzzle

@article{Moment1962ReflexiveSA,
  title={Reflexive Selection: A Possible Answer to an Old Puzzle},
  author={Gairdner Bostwick Moment},
  journal={Science},
  year={1962},
  volume={136},
  pages={262 - 263}
}
  • G. Moment
  • Published 1962
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Science
With the color vision and learning abilities of birds and teleosts now proved, it appears possible that the hitherto puzzling massive variation in color and pattern of certain species, distributed through at least five phyla, is not the result of the mere free play of mutation but represents a protective variation and is the product of what may be called reflexive selection. 
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Experiments with wild passerine birds in their normal surroundings confirmed that rare forms are preferred at maximum density, and presented of greens and browns in equal numbers gave no evidence that the colours differed in taste. Expand
On "Reflexive Selection"
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Some natural populations show an extremely high degree of polymorphism, especially in color and pattern, which may be interpreted as "protective variation," and two possible genetic models have been proposed to account for the phenomenon. Expand
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The consistency of the replicated experiments gives strong reason to believe that apostatic selection is a widespread phenomenon among avian predators, and provides an explanation for many of the non-mimetic colour and pattern polymorphisms found among their prey. Expand
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The investigations of both proximate (perceptual mechanisms) and ultimate (pattern of predation) processes are necessary to fully understand the importance of individual behavioural processes for mediating evolutionary and ecological diversity. Expand
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THIS excellent work, eagerly awaited for many years, will be most welcome to naturalists, even, we may hope, to the few who have hitherto rejected the Darwinian interpretation which the author hasExpand
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