Reflexive Selection: A Possible Answer to an Old Puzzle

  title={Reflexive Selection: A Possible Answer to an Old Puzzle},
  author={Gairdner Bostwick Moment},
  pages={262 - 263}
  • G. Moment
  • Published 1962
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Science
With the color vision and learning abilities of birds and teleosts now proved, it appears possible that the hitherto puzzling massive variation in color and pattern of certain species, distributed through at least five phyla, is not the result of the mere free play of mutation but represents a protective variation and is the product of what may be called reflexive selection. 
The Evolution of Color Polymorphism: Crypticity, Searching Images, and Apostatic Selection
This review clarifies the argument for a perceptual selective mechanism and examines the relevant experimental evidence for frequency-dependent, apostatic selection in cryptic prey species. Expand
Experimenting with apostatic selection
Some of the experimental evidence for ‘apostatic selection’ in land snails, much of which has come from work with artificial prey, is reviewed and guidelines for further experiments are suggested. Expand
Further evidence for apostatic selection by wild passerine birds: training experiments
SummarySight-dependent predators may tend to form “searching images” for common varieties of a polymorphic prey species. Selection would then be frequency-dependent and could maintain theExpand
Reflexive Selection: Moment's Hypothesis Resurrected
Certain species of small and abundant animals display massive polymorphism in colour and pattern sometimes on a scale in which it is impossible, even with samples of hundreds or thousands, to findExpand
Reflexive selection is apostatic selection
It is argued that reflexive selection is no different from apostatic selection, an interpretation that was implied both by Li (1962) and Moment himself (Moment 1962b) in addenda to the original report. Expand
The Effect of Experience and Novelty on Avian Feeding Behavior with Reference to the Evolution of Warning Coloration in Butterflies. II. Reactions of Naive Birds to Novel Insects
In this experiment, hand-raised birds avoided novel insects in a manner which showed that the rejection was not learned or innate, and suggest that there need not be an association with noxiousness in order for conspicuous coloration to be a selective advantage. Expand
Apostatic selection : the responses of wild passerines to artificial polymorphic prey
Experiments with wild passerine birds in their normal surroundings confirmed that rare forms are preferred at maximum density, and presented of greens and browns in equal numbers gave no evidence that the colours differed in taste. Expand
On "Reflexive Selection"
Some natural populations show an extremely high degree of polymorphism, especially in color and pattern, which may be interpreted as "protective variation," and two possible genetic models have been proposed to account for the phenomenon. Expand
Further evidence for apostatic selection by wild passerine birds—9:1 experiments
The consistency of the replicated experiments gives strong reason to believe that apostatic selection is a widespread phenomenon among avian predators, and provides an explanation for many of the non-mimetic colour and pattern polymorphisms found among their prey. Expand
Perceptual Processes and the Maintenance of Polymorphism Through Frequency-dependent Predation
The investigations of both proximate (perceptual mechanisms) and ultimate (pattern of predation) processes are necessary to fully understand the importance of individual behavioural processes for mediating evolutionary and ecological diversity. Expand


Adaptive Coloration in Animals
THIS excellent work, eagerly awaited for many years, will be most welcome to naturalists, even, we may hope, to the few who have hitherto rejected the Darwinian interpretation which the author hasExpand
The genetics of polymorphism in the Lepidoptera.
  • E. Ford
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Advances in genetics
  • 1953
This chapter presents an account of polymorphism in the Lepidoptera: in species with a dimorphism affecting both sexes, in those with multiple forms, and where sex-controlled inheritance limits the polymorphism to males or females. Expand
  • Scientist 49, 285 (1961). 27 November 1961 20 APRIL
  • 1962
Adaptive Coloration inz Animals
  • 1940
Agr. Wildlife Research Bull
  • 1940