Reflections on the Ethics of Social Experimentation

@article{Humphreys2015ReflectionsOT,
  title={Reflections on the Ethics of Social Experimentation},
  author={Macartan Humphreys},
  journal={Journal of Globalization and Development},
  year={2015},
  volume={6},
  pages={112 - 87}
}
  • M. Humphreys
  • Published 2015
  • Economics
  • Journal of Globalization and Development
Abstract Social scientists are increasingly engaging in experimental research projects of importance for public policy in developing areas. While this research holds the possibility of producing major social benefits, it may also involve manipulating populations, often without consent, sometimes with potentially adverse effects, and often in settings with obvious power differentials between researcher and subject. Such research is currently conducted with few clear ethical guidelines. In this… Expand
Subjects and Scholars’ Views on the Ethics of Political Science Field Experiments
Recent controversies raise questions regarding the ethics of political science field experiments. I present here results from a public opinion survey in which subjects and scholars evaluated theExpand
Experiments in the Court: The Legal and Ethical Challenges of Running Randomized Field Experiments in the Courtroom
Although legal scholars have been utilizing experimental methodologies for over 60 years, they have only recently begun to design and implement field experiments, an empirical method in whichExpand
Beyond the Field: Ethics after Fieldwork in Politically Dynamic Contexts
As researchers, when do our ethical obligations end? How should our ethical obligations respond to dynamic and unstable political contexts? Political scientists frequently work in dynamic politicalExpand
A systematic review on ethical challenges of ‘field’ research in low-income and middle-income countries: respect, justice and beneficence for research staff?
TLDR
Nine different types of ethical challenges that research staff may be exposed to during field research, including role conflicts that can emerge from participants’ help requests and the high level of deprivation found in certain study settings, are identified. Expand
Harm, change and unpredictability: the ethics of interviews in conflict research
Conceiving of interviews as relationships of knowledge creation involving a researcher and a research participant, we engage with the ethical implications of the unpredictabilities of this relation...
What Can Experiments Tell Us About How to Improve Government Performance?
Abstract In recent years, experimental methods have been both highly celebrated, and roundly criticized, as a means of addressing core questions in the social sciences. They have received particularExpand
Experiments on and with Street-Level Bureaucrats
We review recent experimental research on the behavior of street-level bureaucrats. These front-line government workers are tasked with implementing most government policy in both advancedExpand
The List Experiment for Measuring Abortion: What We Know and What We Need.
TLDR
The lessons learned from completed studies, when the list experiment may and may not be appropriate, and open questions regarding the use are discussed, which could translate to better-informed interventions to increase abortion access and reduce unmet need for family planning. Expand
Ethics in evaluation
Evaluation takes place within a political and organisational context. While it shares the same methodologies as social science research, stakeholders usually have a more immediate interest in the f...
Risk Taking with Variable Resources: a Field and a Laboratory Experiment
Abstract Background: Theoretical predictions and experimental findings concerning the relationship between risk taking and accumulated resources are contradictory. In contrast to laboratoryExpand
...
1
2
3
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 29 REFERENCES
Conducting Ethical Economic Research: Complications from the Field
This essay discusses practical issues confronted when conducting surveys as well as designing appropriate field trials. First, it looks at the challenge of ensuring transparency while maintainingExpand
The ethics of New Development Economics: is the Experimental Approach to Development Economics morally wrong?
The 2000s have witnessed the arrival and growing popularity of randomized controlled experiments (RCTs) in Development Economics. Whilst this new way of conducting research on development hasExpand
Public involvement in medical ethics. A model for government action.
TLDR
This article argues for a government role of limited scope and evaluates the mechanism Congress chose, the independent advisory commission, against others recently proposed to conclude that the alternatives will not fulfill a proper government role and that the temporary independent Advisory Commission is the most appropriate model. Expand
Public involvement in medical ethics.
TLDR
This article argues for a government role of limited scope and evaluates the mechanism Congress chose, the independent advisory commission, against others recently proposed, concluding that the alternatives will not fulfill a proper government role and that the temporary independent Advisory Commission is the most appropriate model. Expand
Informed consent in human experimentation before the Nuremberg code
TLDR
New research indicates that ethical issues of informed consent in guidelines for human experimentation were recognised as early as the nineteenth century, which shed light on the still contentious issue of when the concepts of autonomy, informed consent, and therapeutic and non-therapeutic research first emerged. Expand
Clarifying the concepts of research ethics.
  • R. Levine
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • The Hastings Center report
  • 1979
TLDR
The National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research began the process of correcting the conceptual and semantic errors that had undermined virtually all previous attempts to develop rational public policy on research involving human subjects. Expand
Where the Rubber Meets the Road: Aligning IRBs and Research Practice
In recent years, there has been increased discussion and even debate about how to reconcile a commitment to the ethical conduct of research in the social and behavioral sciences with a regulatoryExpand
The problem of consent in emergency medicine research.
TLDR
The Canadian Tri-Council Policy Statement guidelines for emergency medicine research are compared to the US Food and Drug Administration rules, and the former is assessed and critiqued. Expand
Deriving Morality from Politics: Rethinking the Formula of Humanity*
Kant's Formula of Humanity famously forbids treating others merely as a means. It is unclear, however, what exactly treating someone merely as a means comes to. This essay argues against anExpand
A concord in medical ethics.
  • A. Jonsen
  • Medicine
  • Annals of internal medicine
  • 1983
Excerpt "Ethics used to be a simple matter," said the venerable physician, recently retired. "I'm glad I don't have to worry about it now." He was thinking of the days when the only ethical imperat...
...
1
2
3
...