Reflections on animal selves.

@article{Bekoff2004ReflectionsOA,
  title={Reflections on animal selves.},
  author={Marc Bekoff and Paul W. Sherman},
  journal={Trends in ecology & evolution},
  year={2004},
  volume={19 4},
  pages={
          176-80
        }
}
Is self-cognizance a uniquely human attribute, or do other animals also have a sense of self? Although there is considerable interest in this question, answers remain elusive. Progress has been stymied by misunderstandings in terminology, a focus on a narrow range of species, and controversies over key concepts, experimental paradigms and interpretations of data. Here, we propose a new conceptual and terminological framework, emphasizing that degrees of self-cognizance differ among animals… CONTINUE READING

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