Reflections on Peasant Adaptation in Rural Russia at the Beginning of the Twentieth Century: The Stolypin Agrarian Reforms

  title={Reflections on Peasant Adaptation in Rural Russia at the Beginning of the Twentieth Century: The Stolypin Agrarian Reforms},
  author={D. Macey},
  journal={The Journal of Peasant Studies},
  pages={400 - 426}
  • D. Macey
  • Published 2004
  • Economics
  • The Journal of Peasant Studies
The Stolypin reforms in Russia at the beginning of the twentieth century are usually understood as a revolutionary attempt to destroy the peasantry and peasant culture through legal coercion; in fact, they were a more moderate attempt to encourage change through voluntary procedures. In terms of both the numbers of peasants embracing them and their social impact, the reforms were also more successful than has traditionally been acknowledged. A key reason for their success was the synergistic… Expand
Knowledge and Power in the Making of the Soviet Village
When the Bolsheviks came to power in October 1917, they were well aware that the control of the countryside was a major condition for the survival of the revolution. Although the late Russian EmpireExpand
Russia’s Agrarian Question in Historical and Contemporary Context
This book focuses on rural responses to agrarian reform from above, using Russia as a case study. Although the factual material and analysis apply to present-day Russia, the questions this bookExpand
The re-emerging peasantry in Russia.'Peasants-against-their-own will', 'Summertime peasants'and 'Peasant-farmers'
This paper aims at conceptualising the re-emerging Russian peasantry by looking at objective characteristics (land use, production mode, and market relations) and subjective ones (peasant identity,Expand
The Famine of 1946–47 in the Context of Russian History
Historians of the Soviet famine of 1932–33 have spilled much ink in the ongoing debate over Stalin’s role in that crisis.3 While the study on human actions in the unfolding of famine isExpand
In London Street: The Dewey-Trotsky Encounter in Politics and Praxis
No one who has looked closely can fail to see a remarkable congruency between the synthesis of ideas that represents the culmination of classical pragmatism, on the one hand, and Marx’s earlyExpand
“In Accord with State Interests and the People's Wishes“: The Technocratic Ideology of Imperial Russia's Resettlement Administration
In this article, Peter Holquist traces both the institutional culture and personnel of one key late-imperial era agency, the Resettlement Administration, based within the Main Administration of LandExpand


Land Reform in Russia, 1906-1917: Peasant Responses to Stolypin's Project of Rural Transformation
Since the collapse of the USSR there has been a growing interest in the Stolypin Land Reform as a possible model for post-Communist agrarian development. Using recent theoretical and empiricalExpand
The Peasant Commune and the Stolypin Reforms: Peasant Attitudes, 1906–14
It has usually been argued that the Stolypin Reforms represented the old regime’s, and specifically the landed nobility’s, final attempt to save itself from revolutionary destruction.1 As such, theExpand
The statistics on the russian land commune, 1905-1917
Western and Soviet scholars have generally maintained different interpretations of the period between 1905 and 1917 in Russia, describing it respectively as a time of amelioration or of immiserationExpand
The Russian Peasant Community in the Agrarian Revolution, 1917–18
The agrarian revolution of 1917–18 represents one of the most important chapters in the history of the Russian peasant commune. In the short interlude between the fall of Tsarism and theExpand
‘A Wager on History’: The Stolypin Agrarian Reforms as Process
Ninety years after their adoption, the Stolypin Reforms remain enveloped in a whole series of fundamental misconceptions about both their goals and their methods of implementation. Most of theseExpand
The Russian Peasant Commune After the Reforms of the 1860s
In the 1860s the Russian government carried out a series of major reforms that had important consequences for key dimensions of Russian society-its economy, judiciary, local administration, army,Expand
Did the Stolypin Land Reform Destroy the Peasant Commune
Since Gorbachev came to power in the Soviet Union, there has been a reappraisal of the role of Stolypin in Russian agrarian history. In contrast to the hitherto exclusively negative evaluations ofExpand
Differentiation in Russian Peasant Society: Causes and Trends, 1880–1905
The question whether or not Russian peasant society after the Great Reforms of the sixties was slowly dissolving into a‘modern’ class society of farmer-entrepreneurs and landless labourers was one ofExpand
The Commune in the Life of the Soviet Countryside before Collectivisation
Unquiet times have arrived for Soviet historiography. The reassessment of evaluations and of views is extending to an ever-widening circle of problems. And even themes which seemed long forgotten,Expand
Government Actions and Peasant Reactions During the Stolypin Reforms
Historical interest in the Stolypin reforms has traditionally focused on their economic, juridical, and administrative results, as measured primarily by governmental and local statistical studies.1Expand