Reflecting Resiliency: Openness About Sexual Orientation and/or Gender Identity and Its Relationship to Well-Being and Educational Outcomes for LGBT Students

  title={Reflecting Resiliency: Openness About Sexual Orientation and/or Gender Identity and Its Relationship to Well-Being and Educational Outcomes for LGBT Students},
  author={Joseph G. Kosciw and Neal A. Palmer and Ryan M. Kull},
  journal={American Journal of Community Psychology},
For lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) youth, coming out (i.e., disclosure of LGBT identity to others) can be a key developmental milestone, one that is associated with better psychological well-being. However, this greater visibility may come with increased risk of peer victimization. Being out, therefore, may reflect resilience and may unfold differently depending on ecological context as some spaces may be more or less supportive of LGBT youth than others. This article explores a… 

A Review of Psychosocial Protective and Risk Factors for the Mental Well-Being of Rural LGBTQ+ Adolescents

Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, questioning/queer, and other gender diverse (LGBTQ+) adolescents face daunting hardships within the rural contexts they navigate (e.g., community, school), and

Teacher Support Moderates Associations among Sexual Orientation Identity Outness, Victimization, and Academic Performance among LGBQ+Youth.

Findings underscore the important protective role of supportive teachers for LGBQ+ youth in schools and suggest teacher support and affirmation moderated the extent to which sexual orientation identity outness was associated with poorer reported academic performance through its association with greater victimization.

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Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer populations are disproportionately affected by chronic stress associated with stigma which contributes to health adversities including depression.

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The relationship between sexual orientation outness, heterosexism, emotion dysregulation, and alcohol use among lesbian, gay, and bisexual emerging adults

Abstract Introduction Research demonstrates that both proximal personal characteristics (e.g., outness, emotion dysregulation) and distal stressors (e.g., heterosexism) may be associated with harmful

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Four youth who identified as sexual or gender minorities were recruited from a high school in Upstate New York for a study designed to investigate the experiences that facilitate or hinder their

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It is called for more school-based research on priority gaps such as how LGBTQ students' intersecting identities affect their in-school experiences, how to design professional development programs that cultivate supportive educators, and how to leverage gay-straight alliances/gender and sexuality alliances as sites of health programming for LGBTQ students.



Is Coming Out Always a “Good Thing”? Exploring the Relations of Autonomy Support, Outness, and Wellness for Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Individuals

Prior research suggests that, on average, disclosing sexual identity (being “out”) yields wellness benefits for lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) individuals. LGB individuals vary, however, both in

Mental Health of Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Youths: A Developmental Resiliency Perspective

It is suggested that mental health professionals working with LGB youths should address social support and that public health approaches are needed to reduce levels of victimization.

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A model is proposed and explored that links the coming-out process to the psychological functioning and sexual behaviors of gay, lesbian, and bisexual youths recruited from gay-focused community-based and college organizations in New York City and finds limited involvement in gay/lesbian activities was associated with more unprotected sex.

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This study examined the relations between school climate and school adjustment among 101 lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) high school students and the moderating influence of social support on those

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Adolescents with homosexual and bisexual orientations have higher levels of psychological distress than other adolescents. Drawing from previous studies, I hypothesize that this epidemiological

Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender adolescent school victimization: implications for young adult health and adjustment.

Reducing LGBT-related school victimization will likely result in significant long-term health gains and will reduce health disparities for LGBT people, and should be educational and public health priorities.

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A paradigm is proposed that moves beyond studying LGBT youth as either at-risk OR resilient, but rather that focuses on understanding the ways in which LGBT youth negotiate their development within various social contexts, to consider the role of context in the lives of LGBT youth.

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Coming out for lesbian women: its relation to anxiety, positive affectivity, self-esteem, and social support.

The more widely a woman disclosed her sexual orientation the less anxiety, more positive affectivity, and greater self-esteem she reported, and a mediating effect of social reactions on the relation between identity development and self-disclosure was revealed.

Predicting Different Patterns of Sexual Identity Development Over Time Among Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Youths: A Cluster Analytic Approach

Findings document different patterns of sexual identity development and identify potential contextual barriers and facilitating factors that may be used to develop interventions to promote healthy LGB identity development in New York City.