Referring as a collaborative process

@article{Clark1986ReferringAA,
  title={Referring as a collaborative process},
  author={Herbert H. Clark and Deanna Wilkes-Gibbs},
  journal={Cognition},
  year={1986},
  volume={22},
  pages={1-39}
}
In conversation, speakers and addressees work together in the making of a definite reference. In the model we propose, the speaker initiates the process by presenting or inviting a noun phrase. Before going on to the next contribution, the participants, if necessary, repair, expand on, or replace the noun phrase in an iterative process until they reach a version they mutually accept. In doing so they try to minimize their joint effort. The preferred procedure is for the speaker to present a… 

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